Leroy B. Townsend

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Benzimidazole nucleosides have been shown to be potent inhibitors of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication in vitro. As part of the exploration of structure-activity relationships within this series, we synthesized the 2-isopropylamino derivative (3322W93) of 1H-beta-D-ribofuranoside-2-bromo-5,6-dichlorobenzimidazole (BDCRB) and the biologically(More)
2-Bromo-5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl benzimidazole (BDCRB) is a member of a new class of benzimidazole ribonucleosides which inhibit human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) late in the replication cycle without inhibiting viral DNA synthesis. We show here that polygenomic concatemeric HCMV DNA does not mature to unit genome length in the presence of BDCRB. To(More)
Seven arabinosyl, 2'-deoxyribosyl, and ribosyl pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines were evaluated in vitro for activity against human cytomegalovirus and for cytotoxicity in primary and established cell lines of human origin. The parent ribosyl analogs exhibited little antiviral selectivity owing to high cytotoxicity. In contrast, ara-tubercidin, ara-toyocamycin,(More)
A basis for interest in the benzimidazole ring system as a nucleus from which to develop potential chemotherapeutic agents was established in the 1950s when it was found that 5,6-dimethyl-l-(alpha-D-ribofuranosyl)benzimidazole (I) was an integral part of the [structure: see text] structure of vitamin B(12). As a result of these interests and extensive(More)
The auxins, plant hormones, play a crucial role in many aspects of plant development by regulating cell division, elongation and differentiation. Toyocamycin, a nucleoside-type antibiotic, was identified as auxin signaling inhibitor in a screen of microbial extracts for inhibition of the auxin-inducible reporter gene assay. Toyocamycin specifically(More)
New human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) therapies with novel mechanisms of action are needed to treat drug-resistant HCMV that arises during therapy with currently approved agents. 2-Bromo-5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1H-benzimidazole (BDCRB) is an effective anti-HCMV agent with a novel mechanism of action, but problems with in vivo stability preclude(More)
2,5,6-Trichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl benzimidazole (TCRB) is a potent and selective inhibitor of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication. TCRB acts via a novel mechanism involving inhibition of viral DNA processing and packaging. Resistance to the 2-bromo analog (BDCRB) has been mapped to the UL89 open reading frame (ORF), and this gene product was(More)
Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2), varicella-zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), and human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) are responsible for a number of clinical manifestations in both normal and immunocompromised individuals. The parent benzimidazole ribonucleosides evaluated in this(More)