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The factors involved in estradiol-17 beta induced growth stimulation of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells have been examined. Wild type MCF-7 cells (and clone E3) were shown to undergo slow growth in phenol-red-free medium containing specific calf sera. The E3 clone was used to document a mean 6-day growth stimulation of 3.35-fold (doubling time = 33 +/- 3 h)(More)
Centromeric protein A (CENP-A) is the epigenetic determinant of centromeres. This protein has been shown to be adaptively evolving in a number of animal and plant species. In a previous communication we were able to demonstrate that signs of adaptive evolution were detected in the comparison of CENP-A sequences from three percid fish species. In this study(More)
The influence of structural alterations to the estradiol-17 beta (E2) molecule on the induction of pS2 and Cathepsin D (Cath D) mRNAs has been examined by Northern analysis of RNA extracted from MCF-7 cells. Exposure of cultures to estratriene did not affect the level of expression of these estrogen-responsive genes. Addition of one hydroxyl group to(More)
A method is presented with which approx. 95% of nuclear estrogen receptors appear to be extracted from MCF-7 cells. Since both nuclear isolation and nuclear estrogen receptor extraction take place in a single test tube with only vortex mixing, loss of nuclear material is minimized. The amount of nuclear estrogen receptors in the nuclear extract was(More)
Both centromeric alpha-satellite sequences as well as centromeric protein A (CENP-A) are highly variable in eukaryotes. CENP-A, a histone H3 variant, is thought to act as the epigenetic "mark" for assembly of centromeric proteins. While most of the histone fold domain (HFD) of the CENP-A is fairly well conserved, a portion of this HFD as well as the(More)
A cDNA library from third-instar larval Malpighian tubules of Drosophila melanogaster was constructed and screened for urate oxidase (UO) clones by hybridization selection. The coding sequence for UO was mapped by in situ hybridization to position 28C on the left arm of chromosome 2. The UO activity in Drosophila shows a complex developmental profile. A UO(More)
Populations of Etheostoma tallapoosae (Tallapoosa Darter) have previously been shown to be genetically divergent for mitochondrial DNA. In this study, PCR primers were developed to amplify portions of six nuclear genes, and sequences of these genes were assessed in three of the most divergent Tallapoosa Darter populations. This analysis shows that these(More)
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