Leora B Balsam

Learn More
Under conditions of tissue injury, myocardial replication and regeneration have been reported. A growing number of investigators have implicated adult bone marrow (BM) in this process, suggesting that marrow serves as a reservoir for cardiac precursor cells. It remains unclear which BM cell(s) can contribute to myocardium, and whether they do so by(More)
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is the leading indication for isolated mitral valve surgery in the United States. Disorganization of collagens and glycosaminoglycans in the valvular extracellular matrix (ECM) are histological hallmarks of MVP. We performed a transcriptome analysis to study the alterations in ECM-related gene expression in humans with sporadic(More)
BACKGROUND AGI-1096 is a novel phenolic intracellular antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative properties. In vitro, AGI-1096 inhibited the inducible expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1, E-selectin, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 in endothelial cells and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin(More)
In the intestine, lung, and urinary tract, neutrophil (polymorphonuclear leukocyte, PMN) transepithelial migration is dependent on the leukocyte beta2 integrin CD11b/CD18. While the regions of CD11b involved in recognition of several soluble ligands are known, those that mediate PMN-epithelial interactions have not been investigated. In this study, mAbs(More)
Chronic rejection remains the major obstacle for long-term transplant survival. Both indirect alloresponse and tissue-specific autoimmunity have been implicated in its pathogenesis. The interrelationship between these two types of host anti-graft response remains poorly understood. We have developed an immunosuppression-free mouse model of graft coronary(More)
BACKGROUND A relatively simple, invasive method for quantitatively assessing the status of the coronary microcirculation independent of the epicardial artery is lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS By using a coronary pressure wire and modified software, it is possible to calculate the mean transit time of room-temperature saline injected down a coronary artery.(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged cold ischemia is thought to exacerbate ischemia-reperfusion injury and graft coronary artery disease (GCAD). We investigated the effect of varying lengths of cold ischemia on inflammation and apoptosis during ischemia-reperfusion injury and correlated this with the degree of GCAD in rat cardiac allografts. METHODS PVG rat (RT1c)(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion injury is an important risk factor for graft coronary artery disease (GCAD). We hypothesized that overexpression of SOD1 in donor hearts would suppress ischemia-reperfusion injury and thereby reduce GCAD. METHODS AND RESULTS In one series, donor hearts of C57BL/6 (H-2b) transgenic mice overexpressing human SOD1 or C57BL/6(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of epicardial artery stenosis on myocardial microvascular resistance remains controversial. Recruitable collateral flow, which may affect resistance, was not incorporated into previous measurements. METHODS AND RESULTS In an open-chest pig model, distal coronary pressure was measured with a pressure wire, and the apparent minimal(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac remodeling after infarction is characterized by progressive ventricular dilation and functional impairment. Although surgical and percutaneous revascularization strategies may prevent remodeling, not all patients are candidates for these procedures. Apoptosis in the border-zone myocardium is thought to be critical to the remodeling(More)