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The merozoite surface protein-1 gene of Plasmodium vivax is highly polymorphic and so, currently used in epidemiological studies of P. vivax malaria. We sequenced the variable block 5 of the gene from 39 Venezuelan isolates, 18 of which were co-infected with Plasmodium falciparum. We observed a limited variability with 34 isolates belonging to the type(More)
Recent studies indicated that sensitive parasites could increase in frequency in a population when drugs are removed, suggesting that the life span of affordable antimalarial drugs could be expanded. We studied 97 samples from Bolivar State, Venezuela, an area where sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) has not been used for 8 years due to its ineffectiveness. We(More)
The genotypes of hepatitis B (HBV) and delta (HDV) viruses circulating among Venezuelan Amerindian populations, where these viruses are endemic, were determined by sequencing of PCR amplified products from HBsAg positive sera. HDV genotype I (n = 7, 6 from West Amerindians), and III (n = 5, 4 from South Amerindians), were found. Only one HDV genotype I(More)
The squid nerve barriers are formed by (a) the axolemma (membrane of the axon proper), a membrane 80 A thick perforated by cylindrical pores 4.0 to 4.5 A radius, and (b) the Schwann layer, constituted of numerous cells forming a layer one cell thick, crossed by 60 A wide slit channels. If a molecule present in the axoplasm has to reach the extraneural(More)
GB virus C or hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV) is highly prevalent among population groups at risk of parenterally transmitted viral agents, but it has also a worldwide distribution in other non-risk population groups. GBV-C/HGV RNA and antibodies against its envelope protein (anti-E2 Abs) were found in 3/86 (3%) and 7/89 (8%) of biomedical science personnel(More)
Accurate and rapid diagnosis of malaria infections is crucial for implementing species-appropriate treatment and saving lives. Molecular diagnostic tools are the most accurate and sensitive method of detecting Plasmodium, differentiating between Plasmodium species, and detecting subclinical infections. Despite available whole-genome sequence data for(More)
Suriname was a high malaria risk country before the introduction of a new five-year malaria control program in 2005, the Medical Mission Malaria Programme (MM-MP). Malaria was endemic in the forested interior, where especially the stabile village communities were affected. The interventions of the MM-MP included new strategies for prevention, vector(More)