Leonzio Fortunato

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BACKGROUND This survey was intended to investigate prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) in a sample of children in Southern Italy and to identify factors that may be related to this condition. METHODS The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey. The study population (children aged 36-71 months) attending thirteen kindergartens(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of dental and root caries, periodontal conditions, and prosthetic status of prison inmates. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SETTING Penal institutions in the Calabria region (Italy). PARTICIPANTS A random sample of 544 prisoners. METHODS Participants underwent a structured interview by trained interviewers and a(More)
BACKGROUND The use of health status measures to assess health-related quality of life is not widespread. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence, characteristics and severity of oral impacts on health using the Child-Oral Impact on Daily Performance (Child-OIDP). METHODS The survey was conducted on 11-16 years old randomly selected(More)
OBJECTIVE The link between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis has not yet been clarified, though systemic inflammation seems to be the common soil for both conditions. Inflammation influences also hemodynamic forces, that act as local risk factors for carotid plaques. It is not known if the link between periodontitis and carotid atherosclerosis is(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine prevalence of malocclusions, normative and perceived orthodontic treatment need and related risk factors in schoolchildren in Italy. DESIGN A random sample of 1000 11-15 years old children was selected from randomly selected schools in Catanzaro (Italy). Parents completed a questionnaire on(More)
The present study describes a new protocol for the manufacturing of custom-made hydroxyapatite scaffolds using computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM), to augment posterior mandibular bone and minimize surgery when severe atrophy is present. Computed tomographic images of an atrophic posterior mandible were acquired and modified into a(More)
AIM In patients affected by periodontal disease, hypertension and systemic inflammation might cause an arterial hemodynamic derangement; this, in turn, can act as a mediator of the atherogenic process often seen in these patients. This study aimed at a comprehensive hemodynamic evaluation in periodontal patients. METHODS Fourty-eight subjects(More)
The reported clinical case describes the surgical procedure of ridge augmentation by using a "split crest" technique with a partial thickness flap and a subsequent implant-prosthetic rehabilitation aimed at treating a bilateral agenesis of the upper lateral incisors. In such cases with vestibule-palatal and mesial-distal scarce bone thicknesses associated(More)
Periodontal disease is associated with endothelial dysfunction of the brachial artery and hemodynamic alterations of the common carotid artery. Periodontal therapy improves endothelial function. It is not known if it is able also to improve the hemodynamics of the carotid artery. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of 2 different(More)
AIM The use of substitute materials is one of the solutions used in periodontology for the reconstruction of intrabony defects. Advances in scientific research gave rise to a new generation of biomaterials of synthetic origin stoichiometrically unstable and therefore really absorbable. Our research is directed precisely towards a biomaterial synthesis,(More)