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It has been shown that Notch signaling mediated by ligands of both Jagged and Delta families expands the hematopoietic stem cell compartment while blocking or delaying terminal myeloid differentiation. Here we show that Delta1- and Jagged1-expressing stromal cells have distinct effects on the clonogenic and differentiation capacities of human CD34(+)(More)
It is believed that the 3-dimensional organization of centromeric heterochromatin in interphase may be of functional relevance as an epigenetic mechanism for the regulation of gene expression. Accordingly, a likely possibility is that the centromeres that spatially associate into the heterochromatic structures (chromocenters) observed in the G1 phase of the(More)
Notch signaling regulates B and T lymphocyte development and T cell effector class decision. In this work, we tested whether Notch activity affects mature B cell activation and differentiation to antibody-secreting cells (ASC). We show increased frequency of ASC in cultures of splenic B cells activated with LPS or anti-CD40 when provided exogenous Notch(More)
The mechanisms whereby chromosomal translocations are consistently associated with specific tumor types are largely unknown. A generally accepted hypothesis is that the physical proximity of the involved chromosomal regions may be one important factor in the genesis of these phenomena. Accordingly, a likely possibility is that such a proximity may occur in(More)
Notch signaling is known to differentially affect the development of lymphoid B and T cell lineages, but it remains unclear whether such effects are specifically dependent on distinct Notch ligands. Using a cell coculture assay we observed that the Notch ligand Delta-1 completely inhibits the differentiation of human hematopoietic progenitors into the B(More)
OBJECTIVE The results obtained in 43 patients using direct intraoperative radiofrequency catheter ablation, as an alternative to surgical incisions, to perform atrial fibrillation surgery, are presented. METHODS Forty-three patients with ages ranging from 43 to 74 years (x = 59), with chronic atrial fibrillation with an average duration 6+/-5 years were(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE In patients (pts) with dilated cardiomyopathy and intraventricular conduction disturbances, resynchronization therapy improves cardiac function and functional capacity. Determination of the optimal AV interval is essential to optimize the therapy results and various methods have been used in daily practice to obtain such an(More)
It is believed that pericentromeric heterochromatin may play a major role in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression. We have previously shown that centromeres in human peripheral blood cells aggregate into distinct "myeloid" and "lymphoid" spatial patterns, suggesting that the three-dimensional organization of centromeric heterochromatin in interphase(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions are crucial for the development of the endoderm of the pharyngeal pouches into the epithelia of thymus and parathyroid glands. Here we investigated the dynamics of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions that take place at the earliest stages of thymic and parathyroid organogenesis using the quail-chick model together with a(More)
The three-dimensional positioning of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes within the nucleus of human cells was investigated using in situ hybridization and confocal microscopy. The visualization of heavy and light chain genes in B-lymphoid cells showed that the three Ig genes are differentially and nonrandomly distributed in different nuclear subvolumes: the kappa(More)