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Monoecious species provide a comprehensive system to study the developmental programs underlying the establishment of female and male organs in unisexual flowers. However, molecular resources for most monoecious non-model species are limited, hampering our ability to study the molecular mechanisms involved in flower development of these species. The(More)
Transposable elements (TEs) make up a large part of eukaryotic genomes. Due to their repetitive nature and to the fact that they harbour regulatory signals, TEs can be responsible for chromosomal rearrangements, movement of gene sequences and evolution of gene regulation and function. Retrotransposon ubiquity raises the question about their function in(More)
The 35S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) units, repeated in tandem at one or more chromosomal loci, are separated by an intergenic spacer (IGS) containing functional elements involved in the regulation of transcription of downstream rRNA genes. In the present work, we have compared the IGS molecular organizations in two divergent species of Fagaceae, Fagus sylvatica(More)
Cork oak (Quercus suber) is one of the rare trees with the ability to produce cork, a material widely used to make wine bottle stoppers, flooring and insulation materials, among many other uses. The molecular mechanisms of cork formation are still poorly understood, in great part due to the difficulty in studying a species with a long life-cycle and for(More)
Cork oak (Quercus suber) is an important Portuguese species, mainly due to the economic value of the cork it produces. Cork results from phellogen, a meristematic tissue, which can locally produce lenticels or have discontinuities, originating “defects”: pores and nail inclusions that are detrimental to cork industrial use. Epigenetic processes control(More)
Background Cork oak (Quercus suber) is one of the most important forest species in Portugal. Cork oak produces a thick cork bark which is harvested for industrial uses. Cork quality is the most important factor that affects its uses technical performance and economic value. Cork quality is associated with many features, the most relevant being the porosity(More)
Oaks taxonomy has been revised over the years, demanding expeditious and cost-effective tools for DNA fingerprinting and taxonomic discrimination. We focused on the characterization of the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of 22 Quercus species, belonging to four infrageneric groups, using silver nitrate staining, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and IGS(More)
The genus Eucalyptus encloses several species with high ecological and economic value, being the subgenus Symphyomyrtus one of the most important. Species such as E. grandis and E. globulus are well characterized at the molecular level but knowledge regarding genome and chromosome organization is very scarce. Here we characterized and compared the(More)
The understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible for the making of a unisexual flower has been a long-standing quest in plant biology. Plants with male and female flowers can be divided mainly into two categories: dioecious and monoecious, and both sexual systems co-exist in nature in ca of 10% of the angiosperms. The establishment of male and(More)
DNA methylation is thought to influence Quercus suber cork quality, which is the main constraint for its economic valorisation. However, a deep knowledge of the cytosine methylation patterns disclosing the epigenetic variability of trees with different cork quality types is totally missing. This study investigates the hypothesis that variations in DNA(More)
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