Learn More
The standard rye cultivar 'Imperial' and a structural variant carrying an intact 1R chromosome and two telocentric 1R chromosomes (short and long arms) were used to investigate expression patterns of homologous rDNA loci, and the influence of chromosome structural change on their interphase organisation and relative disposition. Sequential silver staining(More)
The aim of this review is to integrate earlier results and recent findings to present the current state-of-the-art vision concerning the dynamic behavior of the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) fraction in plants. The global organization and behavioral features of rDNA make it a most useful system to analyse the relationship between chromatin topology and gene(More)
B chromosomes (Bs) are dispensable components of the genomes of numerous species. Thus far, there is a lack of evidence for any transcripts of Bs in plants, with the exception of some rDNA sequences. Here, we show that the Giemsa banding-positive heterochromatic subterminal domain of rye (Secale cereale) Bs undergoes decondensation during interphase.(More)
The B chromosomes (Bs) of rye (Secale cereale) have been studied at interphase in terms of their chromatin organization, patterns of nuclear disposition and physical association in plants with two, three, and four Bs. The study was made in the Lindström strain of hexaploid wheat, which carries the rye Bs as an addition line, byin situ hybridization with a(More)
We have analysed the distribution of epigenetic marks for histone modifications at lysine residues H3 and H4, and DNA methylation, in the nuclei of mature pollen cells of the Angiosperm tree Quercus suber; a monoecious wind pollinated species with a protandrous system, and a long post-pollination period. The ultrasonic treatment developed for the isolation(More)
Monoecious species provide a comprehensive system to study the developmental programs underlying the establishment of female and male organs in unisexual flowers. However, molecular resources for most monoecious non-model species are limited, hampering our ability to study the molecular mechanisms involved in flower development of these species. The(More)
The rDNA loci, and their associated NORs, on chromosomes 1B and 6B of the hexaploid wheat cv. Lindström have been used as a chromatin marker to investigate the functional basis of the phenotype effects of introgressed supernumerary B chromosomes (Bs) of rye. The rye Bs themselves lack genes, other than those which determine their mitotic drive mechanism,(More)
To test the hypothesis that interspecific genomic and chromosome interactions leading to nucleolar dominance could be reprogrammed in meiosis, we compared the expression of distinct nucleolar organizing region (NOR) loci in hexaploid triticale root tip meristematic cells, pollen mother cells and young pollen grains. Interphase and metaphase cells were(More)
In rye each B chromosome (B) represents 5.5% of the diploid A genome. Rye Bs have several nuclear to whole plant effects although they seem to bear no genes except for the ones that lead to their maintenance within a population. In this context, and considering that rye Bs are enriched in repetitive non-coding regions that build up heterochromatin (het), we(More)
Patterns of rye rDNA organization in interphase nuclei were studied through the use ofin situ hybridization in spreads of root meristem cells from plants with and without B chromosomes (Bs). In cells from plants without Bs each rDNA locus is organized as a single perinucleolar knob of condensed chromatin with decondensed chromatin inside the nucleolus. In(More)