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The aim of this study was to analyse the regeneration of Pinus pinaster after wildfire and the possible inter and intraspecific competition during the first 3 years after fire. The study area is located in a P. pinaster stand in León province (NW Spain). Three study sites (S1, S2 and S3) were established in an area burned in 1998. In each site, three(More)
The response of Erica australis to experimental burning, cutting and ploughing treatments was studied in two heathland communities where it was dominant. The treatments represent those most frequently originated by humans on these heathland communities throughout history. The response of this species in a community where it is dominant and there is no(More)
The aim of this study is to compare the recovery dynamics in three shrub communities subjected to experimental burning and cutting, and situated on an altitudinal gradient. Climatic features are different in each area, but all had the common characteristic of very homogeneous vegetation cover before the disturbances, with only one shrub species clearly(More)
The response of woody species to experimental burning, cutting andploughing was studied for a period of twelve years in a shrub community in NWSpain. The treatments represent the perturbations most frequently imposed bymanon these shrub communities throughout history. The response to burning is muchfaster than the response to cutting. The response to(More)
This study examines the effect of fire on the germination of Pinus pinaster seeds from a population with special adaptations to this type of disturbance, due to the high frequency of fires to which they have been subjected. The action of fire was simulated in the laboratory using thermal shocks. Temperatures of 60, 90, 120, 200 and 300 °C were used for(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of forest structure (mainly resulting from human uses) and forest type (the identity of the dominant tree species) on biodiversity. We determined the diversity of two taxonomical groups: the understory vegetation and the edaphic carabid beetle fauna. We selected eight types of forest ecosystems (five(More)
The influence of management and nutrient availability on the vegetation dynamics of heathlands characterised by Calluna vulgaris and Erica tetralix were studied in three mountain sites in Northern Spain. A total of 90 plots (1 m2 each) received different combinations of cutting and twice the estimated background atmospheric deposition of nitrogen (56 kg(More)
We studied the short- and medium-term effects of experimental nitrogen fertilization (3 and 15 months after the treatment) on the arthropods of Calluna vulgaris heathlands in NW Spain. Three heathland sites were selected with two permanent plots per site: control and fertilized. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer (56 kg N ha(-1) yr(-1)) was applied monthly and(More)
We aimed to study tree effects on the chemical properties of forest soils. We compared soil features of three types of forest ecosystems, each with four stands (replicates): beech forests (Fagus sylvatica), oak forests (dominated by Quercus pyrenaica) and pine plantations (Pinus sylvestris). Five samples from the top 10 cm of soil were taken per stand, from(More)
Climate change and atmospheric deposition of nitrogen affect biodiversity patterns and functions of forest ecosystems worldwide. Many studies have quantified tree growth responses to single global change drivers, but less is known about the interaction effects of these drivers at the plant and ecosystem level. In the present study, we conducted a(More)