Leonie Hussaarts

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Omega-1, a glycosylated T2 ribonuclease (RNase) secreted by Schistosoma mansoni eggs and abundantly present in soluble egg antigen, has recently been shown to condition dendritic cells (DCs) to prime Th2 responses. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect remain unknown. We show in this study by site-directed mutagenesis of omega-1 that both(More)
Regulatory B cells (Breg) have attracted increasing attention for their roles in maintaining peripheral tolerance. Interleukin 33 (IL-33) is a recently identified IL-1 family member, which leads a double-life with both pro- and anti-inflammatory properties. We report here that peritoneal injection of IL-33 exacerbated inflammatory bowel disease in(More)
Chronic helminth infections are often associated with a reduced prevalence of inflammatory disorders, including allergic diseases. Helminths influence the host immune system by downregulating T-cell responses; the cytokine IL-10 appears to play a central role in this process. Over the last decade, evidence has emerged toward a new regulatory cell type:(More)
Chronic low-grade inflammation associated with obesity contributes to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Helminth parasites are the strongest natural inducers of type 2 immune responses, and short-lived infection with rodent nematodes was reported to improve glucose tolerance in obese mice. Here, we investigated the effects of chronic infection (12(More)
Nearly one quarter of the world's population is infected with helminth parasites. A common feature of helminth infections is the manifestation of a type 2 immune response, characterized by T helper 2 (Th2) cells that mediate anti-helminth immunity. In addition, recent literature describes a close association between type 2 immune responses and wound repair,(More)
Recent reports have attributed an immunoregulatory role to the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a key serine/threonine protein kinase integrating input from growth factors and nutrients to promote cell growth and differentiation. In the present study, we investigated the role of the mTOR pathway in Th2 induction by human monocyte-derived dendritic(More)
We present an approach for the preparation of immuno-labelled ultrathin sections from cells or tissue that are compatible with both fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy. Our approach is inspired by a method of Sabanay et al. (1991) that is based on the Tokuyasu technique for immunogold labelling of sections from aldehyde-fixed samples. The(More)
B lymphocytes represent a major component of the immune system and their best understood effector functions are antibody production, presentation of antigens to T cells and the modulation of immune responses via cytokine production. Although most of these functions serve to amplify immune responses, B cells have also been demonstrated to downregulate(More)
Development of new drugs and vaccines for neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) is unattractive from a market perspective due to the lack of sufficient financial incentives and low return on investment. To address the health burden of NTDs in lowand middle-income countries, research and development (R&D) programs for this group of diseases are increasingly(More)
Biotechnology and nanotechnology provide a growing number of innovator-driven complex drug products and their copy versions. Biologics exemplify one category of complex drugs, but there are also nonbiological complex drug products, including many nanomedicines, such as iron-carbohydrate complexes, drug-carrying liposomes or emulsions, and glatiramoids. In(More)
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