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Version BLOCKINhistory This report is the updated version of the draft report version 1.0 from June 2012, taking into account comments received from stakeholders and national experts. The following changes have been implemented: It is now assumed that real‐driving NO x emissions from Euro 6 light duty diesel vehicles will decrease in two steps, namely to(More)
BACKGROUND Although the mechanisms of airborne particulate matter (PM) related health effects remain incompletely understood, one emerging hypothesis is that these adverse effects derive from oxidative stress, initiated by the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) within affected cells. Typically, ROS are formed in cells through the reduction of oxygen(More)
Development of strategies to control urban air pollution is a complex and multi-disciplinary process involving a wide range of scientists with different expertise and interests. This paper presents an integrated assessment methodological scheme for the evaluation of air pollution control measures that are put forward in order to reduce sufficiently air(More)
Acknowledgements This report was produced under the EC4MACS (European Consortium for the Modelling of Air pollution and Climate Strategies) project with the contribution of the LIFE financial instrument of the European Community. The views and opinions expressed in this paper do not necessarily represent the positions of IIASA or its collaborating and(More)
COPERT is a globally used software tool used to calculate air pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions produced by road transport, and its scientific development is managed by the European Commission. The software estimates all types of emissions including hot running, start, evaporative and non-exhaust (tire wear, brake wear). Previous studies showed that a(More)
Project Title Uncertainty/Sensitivity analysis of the transport model TREMOVE Summary This is the final report for the Climate Action DG of the European Commission project designed to estimate the uncertainty of the TREMOVE output and its sensitivity to the input variables. This report includes a summary of the methods used, the results of the uncertainty(More)
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