Leonid T Cherney

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Nonequilibrium capillary electrophoresis of equilibrium mixtures (NECEEM) facilitates determination of both the kinetic constants (k(off)) and the equilibrium constants (K(d)) of complex dissociation from a single experiment. A typical NECEEM electropherogram consists of two peaks and an "exponential bridge" between them, smoothly merging into the peaks.(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) infects one-third of the world population. Despite 50 years of available drug treatments, TB continues to increase at a significant rate. The failure to control TB stems in part from the expense of delivering treatment to infected individuals and from complex treatment regimens. Incomplete treatment has fueled the emergence of multi-drug(More)
In aptamer-facilitated biomarker discovery (AptaBiD), aptamers are selected from a library of random DNA (or RNA) sequences for their ability to specifically bind cell-surface biomarkers. The library is incubated with intact cells, and cell-bound DNA molecules are separated from those unbound and amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The(More)
Noncovalent binding of DNA with multiple proteins is pivotal to many regulatory cellular processes. Due to the lack of experimental approaches, the kinetics of assembly and disassembly of DNA-multiple proteins complexes have never been studied. Here, we report on a first method capable of measuring disassembly kinetics of such complexes. The method is based(More)
Using microRNA (miRNA) as molecular markers of diseases requires a method for accurate measurement of multiple miRNAs in biological samples. Direct quantitative analysis of multiple miRNAs (DQAMmiR) has been recently developed based on a classical hybridization approach. In DQAMmiR, miRNAs are hybridized with excess fluorescently labeled complementary DNA(More)
We describe a mathematical approach that enables extraction of kinetic rate constants from thousands of studies conducted over the past two decades with affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE). Previously, ACE has been used almost exclusively for obtaining equilibrium constants of intermolecular interactions. In this article, we prove that there exists an(More)
Macroscopic approach to studying kinetics at equilibrium (MASKE) facilitates measurements of rate constants of formation (k(+)) and dissociation (k(-)) of affinity complexes in the state of chemical equilibrium. MASKE relies on "informational nonequilibrium" created by a nonuniform initial spatial distribution of a label on one of the reactants. In general,(More)
Nonequilibrium capillary electrophoresis of equilibrium mixtures (NECEEM) is a versatile tool for studying affinity binding. Here we describe a NECEEM-based approach for simultaneous determination of both the equilibrium constant, K(d), and the unknown concentration of a binder that we call a target, T. In essence, NECEEM is used to measure the unbound(More)
Temperature increase due to resistive electrical heating is an inherent limitation of capillary electrophoresis (CE). Active cooling systems are used to decrease the temperature of the capillary, but their capacity is limited; and in addition, they leave "hot spots" at the detection interface and at the capillary ends. Until recently, the matter was(More)
Selection of target-binding ligands from DNA-encoded libraries of small molecules (DELSMs) is a rapidly developing approach in drug-lead discovery. Methods of kinetic capillary electrophoresis (KCE) may facilitate highly efficient homogeneous selection of ligands from DELSMs. However, KCE methods require accurate prediction of electrophoretic mobilities of(More)