Leonid Shmuylovich

Learn More
Average left ventricular (LV) chamber stiffness (Delta P(avg)/Delta V(avg)) is an important diastolic function index. An E-wave-based determination of Delta P(avg)/Delta V(avg) (Little WC, Ohno M, Kitzman DW, Thomas JD, Cheng CP. Circulation 92: 1933-1939, 1995) predicted that deceleration time (DT) determines stiffness as follows: Delta P(avg)/Delta V(avg)(More)
During early rapid filling, blood aspirated by the left ventricle (LV) generates an asymmetric toroidal vortex whose development has been quantified using vortex formation time (VFT), a dimensionless index defined by the length-to-diameter ratio of the aspirated (equivalent cylindrical) fluid column. Since LV wall motion generates the atrioventricular(More)
An index of filling efficiency incorporating stiffness and relaxation (S&R) parameters has not been derived or validated, although numerous studies have focused on the effects of altered relaxation or stiffness on early rapid filling and diastolic function. Previous studies show that S&R parameters can be obtained from early rapid filling (Doppler E-wave)(More)
Maximum elastance is an experimentally validated, load-independent systolic function index stemming from the time-varying elastance paradigm that decoupled extrinsic load from (intrinsic) contractility. Although Doppler echocardiography is the preferred method of diastolic function (DF) assessment, all echo-derived indexes are load dependent, and no(More)
Recent articles (31, 32) illustrate the challenge in providing a self consistent definition of ventricular suction. Conceptually different definitions are treated equivalently despite the fact that they lead to disparate conclusions. We discuss various definitions of suction, their physiological implications, and propose a unifying concept based on an in(More)
The new echocardiography-based, load-independent index of diastolic filling (LIIDF) M was assessed using load-/shape-varying E-waves after premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). Twenty-six PVCs in 15 subjects from a preexisting simultaneous echocardiography-catheterization database were selected. Perturbed load-state beats, defined as the first two(More)
Quantitative cardiac function assessment remains a challenge for physiologists and clinicians. Although historically invasive methods have comprised the only means available, the development of noninvasive imaging modalities (echocardiography, MRI, CT) having high temporal and spatial resolution provide a new window for quantitative diastolic function(More)
In current practice, empirical parameters such as the monoexponential time constant tau or the logistic model time constant tauL are used to quantitate isovolumic relaxation. Previous work indicates that tau and tauL are load dependent. A load-independent index of isovolumic pressure decline (LIIIVPD) does not exist. In this study, we derive and validate a(More)
Pressure-volume (P-V) loop-based analysis facilitates thermodynamic assessment of left ventricular function in terms of work and energy. Typically these quantities are calculated for a cardiac cycle using the entire P-V loop, although thermodynamic analysis may be applied to a selected phase of the cardiac cycle, specifically, diastole. Diastolic function(More)
Echocardiographic diastolic function (DF) assessment remains a challenge in atrial fibrillation (AF), because indexes such as E/A cannot be used and because chronic, rate controlled AF causes chamber remodeling. To determine if echocardiography can accurately characterize diastolic chamber properties we compared 15 chronic AF subjects to 15, age matched(More)