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The Wiener index, W , is the sum of distances between all pairs of vertices in a graph G. The quadratic line graph is defined as L(L(G)), where L(G) is the line graph of G. A generalized star S is a tree consisting of ∆ ≥ 3 paths with the unique common endvertex. A relation between the Wiener index of S and of its quadratic graph is presented. It is shown… (More)
It is proved that by deleting at most 5 edges every planar graph can be reduced to a graph having a non-trivial automorphism. Moreover, the bound of 5 edges cannot be lowered to 4.