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Benchmarks Protein degradation is important in practically all aspects of cellular physiology (1). Together with transcription and translation, proteolysis ensures maintenance and rapid regulation of individual protein concentration in living cells. The half-life for different proteins varies between a few minutes and days. Moreover, decay rate for many(More)
Thermophilic and thermoresistant strains of bacilli were screened on a medium containing Chrome Azurol S for producers of siderophores. It was found that the Bacillus licheniformis VK21 strain dramatically increases secretion of the metabolite, a chelator of Fe3+, in response to addition of manganese(II) salts. The growth of the producer on a minimum medium(More)
Until recently, the production of reactive oxygen species by NADPH oxidase has been considered only in the context of the oxidative damage to pathogens inside the phagosome. However, homologues of phagocytic NADPH oxidase have been found in almost all cell types, where they produce hydrogen peroxide and thereby regulate the initial intracellular stages of(More)
Sarcotoxin IA is an antibacterial peptide that is secreted by a meat-fly Sarcophaga peregrina larva in response to a hypodermic injury or bacterial infection. This peptide is highly toxic against a broad spectrum of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and lethal to microbes even at nanomolar concentrations. However, research needs as well as its(More)
Hydrogen peroxide is an important second messenger controlling intracellular signaling cascades by selective oxidation of redox active thiolates in proteins. Changes in intracellular [H(2)O(2)] can be tracked in real time using HyPer, a ratiometric genetically encoded fluorescent probe. Although HyPer is sensitive and selective for H(2)O(2) due to the(More)
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) is widely used as an excellent reporter module of the fusion proteins. The unique structure of GFP allows isolation of the active fluorescent protein directly from the crude cellular sources by extraction with organic solvents. We demonstrated the stable expression of four short polypeptides fused to GFP in Escherichia coli(More)
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) is widely used as an excellent reporter molecule in biochemistry and cell biology. Some biochemical and immunological assays require high-purity GFP. However, the majority of current procedures for GFP purification include multiple time-consuming chromatography steps with a low yield of the desired product or require(More)
The bioluminescence emitted by Aequorea victoria jellyfish is greenish while its single bioluminescent photoprotein aequorin emits blue light. This phenomenon may be explained by a bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) from aequorin chromophore to green fluorescent protein (GFP) co-localized with it. However, a slight overlapping of the aequorin(More)
The yellow fluorescent protein from coral (zFP538) forms aggregates in water solutions. According to dynamic light scattering and gel filtration data, the aggregation number is approximately 1000-10000 at pH 8-9 and protein concentration 1 mg/mL. Gel filtration demonstrated that dissociation of the aggregates takes place upon dilution, and the molecular(More)