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Cheminformatics is the application of informatics techniques to solve chemical problems in silico. There are many areas in biology where cheminformatics plays an important role in computational research, including metabolism, proteomics, and systems biology. One critical aspect in the application of cheminformatics in these fields is the accurate exchange(More)
We consider the cytotoxicity and the protection against oxidative stress for members of the naphthalenediol family and the known antioxidant epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). Compounds include the 1,2-naphthalenediol (1,2-ND), 1,4-ND, 2,3-ND, 1,8-ND, and 1,4-dipropyl-2,3-naphthalenediol (DPND). The cell line is an adherent clone of rat pheochromocytoma(More)
The Semanticscience Integrated Ontology (SIO) is an ontology to facilitate biomedical knowledge discovery. SIO features a simple upper level comprised of essential types and relations for the rich description of arbitrary (real, hypothesized, virtual, fictional) objects, processes and their attributes. SIO specifies simple design patterns to describe and(More)
The development of high-throughput experimentation has led to astronomical growth in biologically relevant lipids and lipid derivatives identified, screened, and deposited in numerous online databases. Unfortunately, efforts to annotate, classify, and analyze these chemical entities have largely remained in the hands of human curators using manual or(More)
ortho-Hydroxyphenols (catechols) form a common structural unit in naturally occurring antioxidants such as polyphenols. They also show pro-oxidant characteristics which depend on their particular structure. Here we examined the acetylated versions of three catechols and a naphthalenediol for cytotoxicity to adrenal PC12-AC cells. We found that the three(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins for baby bottles, liners of canned food, and many other consumer products. Previously, BPA has been shown to reduce the activity of several antioxidant enzymes, which may contribute to oxidative stress. However, the underlying mechanism of the BPA-mediated effect upon(More)
We are attempting to develop novel synthetic antioxidants aimed at retarding the effects of free-radical induced cell damage. In this paper we discuss the design strategy and report the synthesis of seven novel antioxidants, including six catechols and a benzylic phenol. The bond dissociation enthalpy (BDE) for the most active (weakest) OH bond in each(More)
BACKGROUND The diversity and the largely independent nature of chemical research efforts over the past half century are, most likely, the major contributors to the current poor state of chemical computational resource and database interoperability. While open software for chemical format interconversion and database entry cross-linking have partially(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past several centuries, chemistry has permeated virtually every facet of human lifestyle, enriching fields as diverse as medicine, agriculture, manufacturing, warfare, and electronics, among numerous others. Unfortunately, application-specific, incompatible chemical information formats and representation strategies have emerged as a(More)
Industrial and regulatory evaluation of chemical toxicity is often done via statistical analysis of chemical features focusing on chemical structure and function. One popular method to characterize chemical toxicity involves the development of decision trees based on large sets of empirical toxicological data where chemicals are assigned toxicity or(More)