Leonid Gibiansky

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Models for drugs exhibiting target-mediated drug disposition (TMDD) play an important role in the investigation of biological products (Mager and Jusko 2001). These models are often overparameterized and difficult to converge. A simpler quasi-equilibrium (QE) approximation of the general model has been suggested (Mager and Krzyzanski 2005), but even this(More)
Models for drugs exhibiting target-mediated drug disposition (TMDD) describe biological processes in which drug-target binding significantly influences both pharmacodynamics (PD) and pharmacokinetics (PK). TMDD models are often over-parameterized and their parameters are difficult to estimate based on available data. Approximations of the general model have(More)
For AMG 317, a fully human monoclonal antibody to interleukin receptor IL-4Rα, we developed a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model by fitting data from four early phase clinical trials of intravenous and subcutaneous (SC) routes simultaneously, investigated important PK covariates, and explored the relationship between exposure and IgE response. Data for(More)
Until recently, most therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAb) were designed to bind only one target. However, several existing mAbs bind to soluble and membrane forms of the same receptor. Moreover, design of bi-specific and multi-specific proteins that bind to more than one target is a promising direction of drug design. The pharmacokinetics and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Denosumab (XGEVA®; AMG 162) is a fully human IgG2 monoclonal antibody, which binds to the receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-B ligand (RANKL) and prevents terminal differentiation, activation and survival of osteoclasts. We aimed to characterize the population pharmacokinetics of denosumab in patients with advanced solid tumours(More)
Actinomycin-D is an antineoplastic agent that inhibits RNA synthesis by binding to guanine residues and inhibiting DNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Although actinomycin-D has been used to treat rhabdomyosarcoma and Wilms tumor for more than 40 years, the dose/exposure relationship is not well characterized. The objective of this study was to develop an initial(More)
The paper compares performance of Nonmem estimation methods—first order conditional estimation with interaction (FOCEI), iterative two stage (ITS), Monte Carlo importance sampling (IMP), importance sampling assisted by mode a posteriori (IMPMAP), stochastic approximation expectation–maximization (SAEM), and Markov chain Monte Carlo Bayesian (BAYES), on the(More)
Tocilizumab is a recombinant humanized antihuman interleukin-6 receptor monoclonal antibody, which inhibits binding of IL-6 to its soluble (sIL-6R) and membrane-expressed (mIL-6R) receptors. The work investigated whether the observed decline in peripheral neutrophil and platelet counts after tocilizumab administration can be directly explained by(More)
BACKGROUND AQUAVAN Injection (AQ) (GPI 15715; Guilford Pharmaceuticals Inc., Baltimore, MD) is a water-soluble prodrug of propofol. The authors explored the pharmacodynamics and safety of AQ and compared it with propofol lipid emulsion (PropofolD). METHODS After institutional review board approval, 36 volunteers with American Society of Anesthesiologists(More)
BACKGROUND AQUAVAN Injection (AQ) (GPI 15715; Guilford Pharmaceutical Inc., Baltimore, MD) is a water-soluble prodrug of propofol (PropofolGPI). This study aimed to explore the pharmacokinetics of AQ, PropofolGPI, and formate (a metabolite of AQ) and to compare them with the pharmacokinetics of propofol lipid emulsion (PropofolD). METHODS After ethics(More)