Leonid F. Dmitriev

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The major cause of neurodegenerative disorders, including mid- to late-life onset Alzheimer's Disease, is permanent oxidative stress in the brain. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and alpha-tocopherol (alpha-TOH) are the most oxygen-sensitive constituents of cells. The presence of alpha-TOH in biological membranes is required but not sufficient to protect(More)
Lipid intermediates which are generated by ROS have drawn more attention after it was found that lipid peroxidation and lipid-radical cycles are two alternative processes. In biological membranes alpha-tocopherol and cytochrome b5, as known, act synergistically to overcome free radical injury and to form lipid-radical cycles. These cycles activate membrane(More)
alpha-Tocopherol (alpha-TOH) is thought to act as a lipid-soluble antioxidant by scavenging the chain-carrying lipid peroxyl radical (LOO.), giving rise to alpha-TO. and LOOH. The aim of the present work is to test the possibility that alpha-TOH may also exert a protective action by converting LOO. into the parent, unoxidized lipid molecule (LH) with(More)
Lipid peroxidation in biological membranes is accompanied by malonic dialdehyde (MDA) formation, but the problem of its further metabolism in cytoplasm remains unsolved. The experimental data obtained in this work showed that the liver fraction prepared by centrifugation at 10,000g contained phosphoglucose isomerase and enzymes of the glyoxalase system. In(More)
Malondialdehyde (MDA) is one of cytotoxic aldehydes produced in cells as a result of lipid peroxidation and further MDA metabolism in cytoplasm is not known. In our experiments the liver fraction 10,000 g containing phosphoglucose isomerase and enzymes of the glyoxalase system was used and obtained experimental data shows that in this fraction there is an(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and α-tocopherol (α-TOH) are the most oxygen-sensitive constituents of cells. α-TOH is a member of the vitamin E family that is considered the most important lipophilic antioxidant in cell membranes. Its importance is emphasized by the involvement of oxidative stress in injury to the central nervous system and(More)
A hypothesis is proposed that the energy of an exothermic reaction in an aqueous medium can be used to shift the equilibrium in an endothermic reaction involving hydrated ions. This takes place according to Le Chatelier's principle, and the water dissociation in the homogeneous medium at the protein-water interface gives rise to concentration gradients of(More)