Leonid E Bulychev

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Detailed studies of the pathogenesis of certain neuroviral infections allow for a better understanding of the special role of the olfactory neuroepithelial cells in the invasion of viruses into the CNS. Several studies using animal models demonstrated that neurotropic viruses belonging to various families invade the brain via the olfactory tract after(More)
Therapeutic and prophylactic effects of immunomodifiers ridostin, reaferon, and polyribonate used alone and in various combinations were assessed in experiments on guinea pigs infected with Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) (strain Trinidad), Marburg (strain Popp), and Ebola (M/C-8 variant of Zaire strain) viruses at doses 5 to 20 respiratory LD50(More)
Immunogenicity of recombinant vaccinia virus strain (VR26) expressing Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) virus structural protein genes was studied by oral immunization. Sera of animals immunized with VR26 contained antibodies specific to VEE virus, among which antibodies with virus-neutralizing activity were present. Evaluation of the protective(More)
There are known 3 likely mechanisms of virus conveyance into the central nervous system (CNS). These include hematogenic penetration, spread along the peripheral nerves, and the olfactory pathway which begins from the infected olfactory neuroepithelial cells. The possibility of viral spread into CNS via the olfactory pathway was shown for the(More)
Our previous studies indicated the possibility for some neurotropic viruses to spread into the brain of immune animals through the olfactory pathway. Thus, nasal mucosa in the olfactory region is likely to be a promising target for mucosal immunization to protect the CNS from neurotropic viral infections. THE MAIN IDEA OF THE RESEARCH: Intranasal(More)
Preventive effect in influenza can be attained by intramuscular injections of fir (Abies) polyprenols. One of 5 tested polyprenol preparations (No. 1), injected 2 days before aerogenic infection with influenza virus, reliably protected mice from disease. Mice pretreated with polyprenol preparations or Hanks' solution did not differ by accumulation of(More)
This research investigates a promising antiviral compound based on polyprenols from Siberian silver fir (Abies sibirica). The physico-chemical characteristics of a preparation developed in aerosol form and an estimation of its protective efficacy against aerosol challenge of laboratory animals are presented. It is shown that (1) by using a simple ultrasonic(More)
Preliminary investigations showed high preventive activity of two of three aerosol preparations of Abies sibirica polyprenols with nonionic surface active substances towards influenza infection. At least 2 aerosol administrations are needed to attain a high protective effect, the second dose depending on the first. Relationship between animal reaction to(More)
Humoral and cellular mechanisms of Abies sibirica polyprenol effects on nonspecific resistance of mice to influenza A/Aichi/2/68 virus were investigated. Two aerosol doses of polyprenols had a high protective effect in mice challenged with influenza virus. Aerosol polyprenol preparations in the studied doses induced no interferon or tumor necrosis factor(More)
This study demonstrates the possibility of achieving a prophylactic effect by intramuscular injection of Abies sibirica polyprenols for the control of influenza virus infection in mice. One of the five polyprenol preparations tested, preparation N1, which had the lowest hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (8.6), produced a significant protective effect when(More)