Leonhard Schnittger

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Characteristic sequence signatures were identified within the hypervariable region 4 (V4 region) of the small ribosomal RNA gene of ovine/caprine piroplasm species including Theileria lestoquardi, T. ovis , T. separata , Babesia ovis , B. motasi , B. crassa [comprising strains B. crassa (Iran) and B. crassa (Turkey)] and several novel species: Theileria sp.(More)
Babesia are tick-transmitted hemoprotozooans that infect mammals and birds, and which are acknowledged for their major impact on farm and pet animal health and associated economic costs worldwide. Additionally, Babesia infections of wildlife can be fatal if associated with stressful management practices; and human babesiosis, also transmitted by blood(More)
Theileria annulata is a tick-transmitted protozoan that causes tropical theileriosis, an often fatal leukoproliferative disorder of cattle. To characterize and identify parasite proteins suitable as diagnostic antigens and/or vaccine candidates, a cDNA clone encoding a macroschizont stage protein was isolated and characterized (here designated TaSP). The(More)
The recombinant surface protein of Theileria annulata (TaSP) was used in the standardization and validation of an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of circulating antibodies against tropical theileriosis. ELISA data were expressed as the percentage positivity (PP) of the reactivity of an internal positive control. A total of 50(More)
A fatal disease of sheep and goats in the northwestern part of China has been reported to be due to Theileria lestoquardi (syn. T. hirci). However, some characteristics of the causative agent are not in accordance with attributes ascribed to this parasite. We therefore determined the nucleotide sequence of the small-subunit ribosomal RNA (srRNA) gene of T.(More)
The phylogenetic relationship of Theileria and Babesia species infecting sheep and goats on the basis of their 18S RNA gene structure was addressed in the present study. For this purpose, the complete sequences of the small ribosomal RNA genes of a panel of sheep and goat piroplasm isolates, including T. lestoquardi, T. ovis, T. separata, B. ovis, B.(More)
An international conference on the control of ticks and tick-borne diseases sponsored by the European Commission was held in Shanghai between 11 and 15 September 2000. Participants from China, Europe, Australia, India, Iran, Israel, Japan and Thailand attended the meeting. The main objectives were: (1) determining the current situation concerning the(More)
In the Northwestern part of China there have been reports of clinical cases in small ruminants of a haemoparasite with the characteristics of Theileria hirci (T. lestoquardi). However, some properties of this parasites argue against its classification as T. lestoquardi. In this paper, we present evidence that T. lestoquardi and the Chinese Theileria isolate(More)
The phylogenetic relationships between six isolates of Theileria spp. infective to small ruminants, and two isolates of Theileria spp. infective to yak, all transmitted by Haemaphysalis qinghaiensis, together with the Theileria orientalis/sergenti/buffeli group and T. sinensis, were analyzed using the 18S ssrRNA gene sequence. The target DNA segment was(More)
Theileria annae is a tick-transmitted small piroplasmid that infects dogs and foxes in North America and Europe. Due to disagreement on its placement in the Theileria or Babesia genera, several synonyms have been used for this parasite, including Babesia Spanish dog isolate, Babesia microti-like, Babesia (Theileria) annae, and Babesia cf. microti.(More)