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BACKGROUND Microsatellites or single sequence repeats (SSRs) are a powerful choice of marker in the study of Phytophthora population biology, epidemiology, ecology, genetics and evolution. A strategy was tested in which the publicly available unigene datasets extracted from genome sequences of P. infestans, P. sojae and P. ramorum were mined for candidate(More)
SUMMARY New species of Phytophthora such as Phytophthora ramorum, P. kernoviae and P. quercina together with P. citricola are plant pathogens which impact on forest health, natural ecosystem stability and international trade. A real-time multiplex PCR approach based on TaqMan PCR was developed to simultaneously identify and detect these four Phytophthora(More)
Oomycetes form a deep lineage of eukaryotic organisms that includes a large number of plant pathogens which threaten natural and managed ecosystems. We undertook a survey to query the community for their ranking of plant-pathogenic oomycete species based on scientific and economic importance. In total, we received 263 votes from 62 scientists in 15(More)
A metabarcoding method based on genus-specific primers and 454 pyrosequencing was utilized to investigate the genetic diversity of Phytophthora spp. in soil and root samples of potted plants, from eight nurseries. Pyrosequencing enabled the detection of 25 Phytophthora phylotypes distributed in seven different clades and provided a much higher resolution(More)
Alternaria brown spot is one of the most important diseases of tangerines and their hybrids worldwide. Recently, outbreaks in Mediterranean areas related to susceptible cultivars, refocused attention on the disease. Twenty representatives were selected from a collection of 180 isolates of Alternaria spp. from citrus leaves and fruit. They were characterized(More)
One hundred and twenty-nine strains of epiphytic micro-organisms, isolated from table and wine grapes in Israel, were screened for antagonistic activity against Botrytis cinerea on table grapes. Two isolates (Candida guilliermondii, strain A42 and Acremonium cephalosporium, strain B11) were further evaluated for the control of decay in grapes caused by(More)
Four different intergenic regions of mitochondrial DNA (mt-IGS), a fragment of the intergenic spacer (IGS) region of the rDNA (rDNA-IGS), and a fragment of the ras-related protein (Ypt1) gene were amplified and sequenced from a panel of 31 Phytophthora species representing the most significant forest pathogens and the breadth of diversity in the genus. Over(More)
Aureobasidium pullulans, a cosmopolitan yeast-like fungus, colonises leaf surfaces and is a potential biocontrol agent for plant pathogens. Forty-one isolates of the fungus from the surface of several fruits and vegetables cultivated in Southern Italy were compared by molecular analysis and biocontrol activity. Characterisation of the isolates by using(More)
A new method based on the analysis of mitochondrial intergenic regions characterized by intraspecific variation in DNA sequences was developed and applied to the study of the plant pathogen Phytophthora nicotianae. Two regions flanked by genes trnY and rns and trnW and cox2 were identified by comparing the whole mitochondrial genomes of Phytophthora(More)
Genetic variation within the heterothallic cosmopolitan plant pathogen Phytophthora nicotianae was determined in 96 isolates from a wide range of hosts and geographic locations by characterizing four mitochondrial (10% of the genome) and three nuclear loci. In all, 52 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (an average of 1 every 58 bp) and 313 sites with(More)