Leonardo Schena

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SUMMARY New species of Phytophthora such as Phytophthora ramorum, P. kernoviae and P. quercina together with P. citricola are plant pathogens which impact on forest health, natural ecosystem stability and international trade. A real-time multiplex PCR approach based on TaqMan PCR was developed to simultaneously identify and detect these four Phytophthora(More)
Aureobasidium pullulans, a cosmopolitan yeast-like fungus, colonises leaf surfaces and is a potential biocontrol agent for plant pathogens. Forty-one isolates of the fungus from the surface of several fruits and vegetables cultivated in Southern Italy were compared by molecular analysis and biocontrol activity. Characterisation of the isolates by using(More)
Real-time PCR technologies open increasing opportunities to detect and study phytopathogenic and antagonistic fungi. They combine the sensitivity of conventional PCR with the generation of a specific fluorescent signal providing real-time analysis of the reaction kinetics and allowing quantification of specific DNA targets. Four main chemistries are(More)
Four different intergenic regions of mitochondrial DNA (mt-IGS), a fragment of the intergenic spacer (IGS) region of the rDNA (rDNA-IGS), and a fragment of the ras-related protein (Ypt1) gene were amplified and sequenced from a panel of 31 Phytophthora species representing the most significant forest pathogens and the breadth of diversity in the genus. Over(More)
Several polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers were designed from the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of the rDNA genes of Rosellinia necatrix to develop a PCR-based identification method. Screening the primers against two isolates of R. necatrix and six other Rosellinia species resulted in the amplification of a single specific product from R.(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for the specific detection of Phytophthora nicotianae and P. citrophthora in citrus roots and soils. Primers were based on the nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed space regions (ITS1 and ITS2) of 16 different species of Phytophthora. Two primer pairs, Pn5B–Pn6 and Pc2B–Pc7, were designed specifically(More)
Microsatellites or single sequence repeats (SSRs) are a powerful choice of marker in the study of Phytophthora population biology, epidemiology, ecology, genetics and evolution. A strategy was tested in which the publicly available unigene datasets extracted from genome sequences of P. infestans, P. sojae and P. ramorum were mined for candidate SSR markers(More)
One hundred and twenty-nine strains of epiphytic micro-organisms, isolated from table and wine grapes in Israel, were screened for antagonistic activity against Botrytis cinerea on table grapes. Two isolates (Candida guilliermondii, strain A42 and Acremonium cephalosporium, strain B11) were further evaluated for the control of decay in grapes caused by(More)
Two primers, specific for Phytophthora nicotianae (Pn6) and P. citrophthora (Pc2B), were modified to obtain Scorpion primers for real-time identification and detection of both pathogens in citrus nursery soils and roots. Multiplex PCR with dual-labelled fluorogenic probes allowed concurrent identification of both species ofPhytophthora among 150 fungal(More)
Current molecular detection methods for the genus Phytophthora are specific to a few key species rather than the whole genus and this is a recognized weakness of protocols for ecological studies and international plant health legislation. In the present study a molecular approach was developed to detect Phytophthora species in soil and water samples using(More)