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Whether patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria should be investigated and treated before elective hip and knee replacement is controversial, although it is a widespread practice. We conducted a prospective observational cohort study with urine analyses before surgery and three days post-operatively. Patients with symptomatic urinary infections or an(More)
Bacterial resistance to antimicrobials has become a public health threat for which coordinated action at the international, national, and local level is needed. Current recommendations for the control of antimicrobial overuse and resistance in hospitals recommend various strategies, including antimicrobial stewardship programs. Several of these integrated(More)
In order to establish a safe and reliable treatment for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated scabies, we have treated 60 episodes of scabies in this setting, occurring in 39 patients, with one of the following regimens: (i) topical treatment with benzyl benzoate solution; (ii) single-dose oral treatment with ivermectin alone; and (iii) combination(More)
Bartonella species were isolated from 49% of 128 cattle from California and Oklahoma, 90% of 42 mule deer from California, and 15% of 100 elk from California and Oregon. Isolates from all 63 cattle, 14 deer, and 1 elk had the same polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism profiles. Our findings indicate potential for inter- and(More)
We report our experience with linezolid in the treatment of 5 patients with central nervous system infections subsequent to neurosurgical interventions. In all cases, initial antimicrobial treatment regimens, including a glycopeptide, either failed or were associated with significant adverse events. The good clinical outcome and the absence of significant(More)
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) selectively involves the serous body cavities, occurs predominantly in immunodeficient patients and is infected consistently by human herpesvirus type-8. PEL is also frequently infected by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The precise pathogenetic role of EBV coinfection in PEL is not fully understood. The lymphoma fails to express(More)
PURPOSE Treatment of Gram-positive osteoarticular infections requires an adequate surgical approach combined with intensive antimicrobial therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a combined regimen of high-dose daptomycin and rifampicin, in patients with various types of Gram-positive osteoarticular infections. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine how relevant current evidence on antibiotic treatment of pneumonia is for elderly adults. DESIGN Systematic review. SETTING Randomized controlled trials (RCTs; N = 43) comparing different antibiotics and prospective observational studies (N = 182) published since 2005. PARTICIPANTS Adults with community-acquired (CAP),(More)