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Little is known about prolonged effect of baclofen on oesophageal and lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) motility. We aimed at investigating the oesophageal motility in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) patients 24 h before and after the administration of multiple doses of baclofen. Twenty-one GORD patients underwent a 48-h manometry recording the(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether nitric oxide can play a role in regulating the propagation of spontaneous motor activity in a rabbit intestinal preparation completely excluded from any central and vascular connection. Experiments were done on nine rabbits of either sex, weighing 2.5 +/- 0.5 kg (mean +/- SD). After one week of semiliquid diet(More)
BACKGROUND the motor aspects underlying gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) are still not completely clear. AIM to evaluate the relationship between oesophageal and gastric motility in GORD patients. PATIENTS twelve patients with grade I-II oesophagitis, mean age 45 yr, and 10 healthy subjects, mean age 42 yr, were studied. METHODS a pH-manometry(More)
Ineffective oesophageal motility (IOM) is a functional disorder affecting about 50% of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) patients. This disease in a severe form limits the clearing ability of the oesophagus and is considered one of the predictive factors for poorer GORD resolution. Capsaicin, the active compound of red pepper, exerts a prokinetic(More)
Isolated segments of rabbit distal colon were stimulated by distension of intraluminal balloons, with the aim of investigating the electrophysiological pattern of descending inhibition (DI) during the peristaltic reflex. Incidence, duration, and latency of DI were studied by varying the parameters of stimulation. A linear correlation was found between(More)
Gastro-oesophageal reflux to the proximal oesophagus may cause atypical symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). The motor abnormalities underlying reflux into the proximal oesophagus are still unclear. The aim of this study was to analyse the oesophageal motility during reflux into the proximal oesophagus in a group of healthy subjects and in(More)
The effect of dopamine on human gastric and small intestinal interdigestive motility was investigated in 12 subjects. Intestinal motility was recorded by means of a four-lumen polyvinyl probe with four open tips located 15 cm apart, continuously perfused with distilled water. In each subject during the same study, after recording two consecutive spontaneous(More)
The 5-HT1 agonist sumatriptan (SUM) elicits an increase in amplitude of oesophageal motor waves and of lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) tone in healthy subjects. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether such an effect occurs also in patients with ineffective oesophageal motility (IOM). 16 patients (nine males and seven females, age range 34-55 years)(More)
We investigated basal motility and the motor effects of motilin, erythromycin, and prostigmine on segments of rabbit gastrointestinal tract removed from extrinsic neural and vascular pathway and immersed in an oxygenated organ bath. Motility was recorded by means of four strain gauges sutured on the serosal surface of the segment. During basal recording,(More)
The effect of dopamine on human sigmoid motility has been studied in 26 subjects. To record mechanical activity of the sigmoid colon, two small, air-filled balloons mounted on a probe introduced through a sigmoidoscope were used. The recordings were made at a distance of 25 and 15 cm from the anal edge. Dopamine was infused for 10 min after a 30-min control(More)