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BACKGROUND AND AIMS The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(B)) agonist baclofen has been shown to reduce reflux episodes during the first three postprandial hours in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and in normal controls. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of acute (one day) and chronic (four weeks) administration of baclofen on(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori treatment failure may be due to resistance to macrolides and 5-nitroimidazoles. AIM To test whether a preliminary in vitro susceptibility test of H. pylori to tinidazole and clarithromycin and a consequent specific regimen could improve the eradication rate. METHODS A total of 109 consecutive H. pylori-positive patients(More)
BACKGROUND Rifabutin has been empirically used in Helicobacter pylori infections resistant to triple therapy. There are no data on primary and secondary resistance to rifabutin and its use in specific cases. AIM To analyse the susceptibility and resistance to rifabutin in H. pylori-positive patients with or without previous H. pylori therapy and to test(More)
An experimental murine model was studied to evaluate the orogastrointestinal colonization of Helicobacter pylori and the animal-to-animal transmission. Balb/C mice were infected with H. pylori and housed with uninoculated mice in cages with and without a grate on the floor. Mice were killed after 7, 14, 30, and 45 days, and samples from the esophagus,(More)
Little is known about prolonged effect of baclofen on oesophageal and lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) motility. We aimed at investigating the oesophageal motility in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) patients 24 h before and after the administration of multiple doses of baclofen. Twenty-one GORD patients underwent a 48-h manometry recording the(More)
INTRODUCTION The use of peppermint oil in treating the irritable bowel syndrome has been studied with variable results probably due to the presence of patients affected by small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, lactose intolerance or celiac disease that may have symptoms similar to irritable bowel syndrome. AIM The aim of the study was to test the(More)
Gas and tar phases of commercially available filter cigarettes were tested for ferritin-iron-releasing effects and polyunsaturated-fatty-acid oxidant capacity in vitro. A vacuum pump-dependent apparatus with Cambridge filters was used to separate gas and tar; the former was directly smoked into reaction mixtures, while the latter was extracted from(More)
We have extended a recent study demonstrating increased contractility of jejunal smooth muscle of rats infected with the nematode parasite Trichinella spiralis, the primary habitat of which is the jejunum. In this study, muscle from the worm-free ileum of infected rats showed decreased contractility compared with control, illustrating regional differences(More)
An experimental rodent model was used to demonstrate the viability of the coccoid form of Helicobacter pylori. Concentrated suspensions were prepared for the two different morphologies: at 2 days incubation for the bacillary forms and at 20 days incubation for the "dormant" forms. The strains used for incubation were two fresh isolates from humans with(More)
Experiments were performed to investigate the effects of 60 min severe global ischemia followed by 30 min reperfusion on the antioxidant enzymatic system in the isolated perfused rat heart. Ischemia induced a significant increase of cytoplasmic and mitochondrial selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.9) activity. In reperfused hearts, only the(More)