Leonardo Kapural

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Persistent occipital neuralgia can produce severe headaches that may not be controllable by conservative or surgical approaches. We describe a case series of 6 patients who had chronic headaches over an average of 4.9 yr who underwent occipital nerve electrical stimulation lead implantation using a modified midline approach. The patients had received(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES   Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) may reduce pain scores and improve function in patients with various chronic abdominal pain syndromes including chronic pancreatitis. Here described is a large clinical experience in SCS for severe chronic pancreatitis. METHODS   SCS was trialed in 30 patients with chronic pancreatitis. SCS trials(More)
is a calcium channel blocker approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for treatment of chronic pain by the intrathecal (IT) route. Although zicono-tide has been used for a considerable time in clinical practice, there are only a few reports on its effectiveness and associated side effects. Three published double-blind and placebo-controlled trials(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE, DESIGN AND SETTINGS: The purpose of this randomized, prospective study is to compare the efficacy of two different routes in administering epidural steroid injections interlaminar (IL) vs transforaminal (TF) in patients with unilateral radicular pain. PATIENTS We randomly enrolled and followed 64 patients with chronic radiculopathy.(More)
BACKGROUND Present treatment methods are often unsatisfactory in reducing post-amputation pain. Peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) could reduce the pain, but it is rarely used because present methods require invasive surgical access and precise placement of the leads in close proximity (≤ 2 mm) with the nerve. METHODS The present study investigated the(More)
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is minimally invasive and reversible therapy for treatment of severe, otherwise nonresponsive chronic pain. Such approach is relatively safe, with very few side-effects, not addictive, and provides enduring therapeutic response. A number of clinical studies support the efficacy of spinal cord stimulation in treating failed back(More)
INTRODUCTION Currently available central nervous system treatment strategies are often insufficient in management of peripheral neuropathic pain, prompting a resurgence of neuromodulation focused on peripheral pain. A new peripheral nerve stimulation device was investigated in a prospective, randomized, double blind, crossover study, looking specifically at(More)
UNLABELLED We describe a case of type-2 diabetes mellitus with significant improvement in blood glucose control and significant decrease in insulin requirements after initiation of spinal cord stimulation. We believe that spinal cord stimulation may provide additional beneficial effects in patients with chronic pain and diabetes. IMPLICATIONS Spinal cord(More)
Peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) has been used for the treatment of various neuropathic pain disorders, including occipital neuralgia, for the patients who failed less-invasive therapeutic approaches. Several different mechanisms of pain relief were proposed when PNS is used to treat occipital neuralgia and clinical studies using various types of(More)