Leonardo Guidoni

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Molecular dynamics simulations of the K+ channel from Streptomyces lividans (KcsA channel) were performed in a membrane-mimetic environment with Na+ and K+ in different initial locations. The structure of the channel remained stable and well preserved for simulations lasting up to 1.5 ns. Salt bridges between Asp80 and Arg89 of neighboring subunits, not(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations and electrostatic modeling are used to investigate structural and dynamical properties of the potassium ions and of water molecules inside the KcsA channel immersed in a membrane-mimetic environment. Two potassium ions, initially located in the selectivity filter binding sites, maintain their position during 2 ns of dynamics.(More)
We present molecular dynamics simulations of bovine rhodopsin in a membrane mimetic environment based on the recently refined X-ray structure of the pigment. The interactions between the protonated Schiff base and the protein moiety are explored both with the chromophore in the dark-adapted 11-cis and in the photoisomerized all-trans form. Comparison of(More)
We present a theoretical study on structural and electronic aspects of K+ permeation through the binding sites of the KcsA channel's selectivity filter. Density functional calculations are carried out on models taken from selected snapshots of a molecular dynamics simulation recently reported [FEBS Lett. 477 (2000) 37]. During the translocation process from(More)
Light absorption by the visual pigment rhodopsin leads to vision via a complex signal transduction pathway that is initiated by the ultrafast and highly efficient photoreaction of its chromophore, the retinal protonated Schiff base (RPSB). Here, we investigate this reaction in real time by means of unrestrained molecular dynamics simulations of the protein(More)
Extracellular tetraethylammonium (TEA+) inhibits the current carried out by K+ ions in potassium channels. Structural models of wild-type (WT) and Y82C KcsA K+ channel/TEA+ complexes are here built using docking procedures, electrostatics calculations and molecular dynamics simulations. The calculations are based on the structure determined by Doyle et al.(More)
Glutathione transferases (GSTs) are protection enzymes capable of conjugating glutathione (GSH) to toxic compounds. During evolution an important catalytic cysteine residue involved in GSH activation was replaced by serine or, more recently, by tyrosine. The utility of these replacements represents an enigma because they yield no improvements in the(More)
The structure and dynamics of the retinal chromophore of rhodopsin are investigated systematically in different environments (vacuum, methanol solution, and protein binding pocket) and with different computational approaches (classical, quantum, and hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) descriptions). Finite temperature effects are taken into(More)
We investigate the effects of the static and dynamical electronic correlations on the level of conjugation of the trans-1,3-butadiene molecule through Quantum Monte Carlo methods applied to an Antisymmetrized Geminal Power (AGP) wave function, with a Jastrow factor similar to the Gutzwiller ansatz. The degree of conjugation is measured through the(More)
The precise theoretical determination of the geometrical parameters of molecules at the minima of their potential energy surface and of the corresponding vibrational properties are of fundamental importance for the interpretation of vibrational spectroscopy experiments. Quantum Monte Carlo techniques are correlated electronic structure methods promising for(More)