Leonardo Guidoni

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Molecular dynamics simulations of the K+ channel from Streptomyces lividans (KcsA channel) were performed in a membrane-mimetic environment with Na+ and K+ in different initial locations. The structure of the channel remained stable and well preserved for simulations lasting up to 1.5 ns. Salt bridges between Asp80 and Arg89 of neighboring subunits, not(More)
Extracellular tetraethylammonium (TEA+) inhibits the current carried out by K+ ions in potassium channels. Structural models of wild-type (WT) and Y82C KcsA K+ channel/TEA+ complexes are here built using docking procedures, electrostatics calculations and molecular dynamics simulations. The calculations are based on the structure determined by Doyle et al.(More)
We present molecular dynamics simulations of bovine rhodopsin in a membrane mimetic environment based on the recently refined X-ray structure of the pigment. The interactions between the protonated Schiff base and the protein moiety are explored both with the chromophore in the dark-adapted 11-cis and in the photoisomerized all-trans form. Comparison of(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations and electrostatic modeling are used to investigate structural and dynamical properties of the potassium ions and of water molecules inside the KcsA channel immersed in a membrane-mimetic environment. Two potassium ions, initially located in the selectivity filter binding sites, maintain their position during 2 ns of dynamics.(More)
We present a theoretical study on structural and electronic aspects of K+ permeation through the binding sites of the KcsA channel's selectivity filter. Density functional calculations are carried out on models taken from selected snapshots of a molecular dynamics simulation recently reported [FEBS Lett. 477 (2000) 37]. During the translocation process from(More)
Although a few x-ray structures of the KcsA K(+) channel have been crystallized several issues concerning the mechanisms of the ionic permeation and the protonation state of the selectivity filter ionizable side chains are still open. Using a first-principles quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical simulation approach, we have investigated the protonation(More)
Quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) Car-Parrinello simulations were performed to estimate the coordination numbers of K(+) and Na(+) ions in the selectivity filter of the KcsA channel, and in water. At the DFT/BLYP level, K(+) ions were found to display an average coordination number of 6.6 in the filter, and 6.2 in water. Na(+) ions displayed an(More)
Carotenoids are employed in light-harvesting complexes of dinoflagellates with the two-fold aim to extend the spectral range of the antenna and to protect it from radiation damage. We have studied the effect of the environment on the vibrational properties of the carotenoid peridinin in different solvents by means of vibrational spectroscopies and QM/MM(More)
The performance of popular molecular mechanics (MM) force fields in treating problems that involve ion-channel interactions is explored. We have used quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) calculations to compute the electrostatic potential inside the selectivity filter of the KcsA potassium channel. A comparison is made with the result of(More)
The structure and dynamics of the retinal chromophore of rhodopsin are investigated systematically in different environments (vacuum, methanol solution, and protein binding pocket) and with different computational approaches (classical, quantum, and hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) descriptions). Finite temperature effects are taken into(More)