Leonardo F. Ferreira

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The near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) signal (deoxyhemoglobin concentration; [HHb]) reflects the dynamic balance between muscle capillary blood flow (Q(cap)) and muscle O(2) uptake (Vo(2)(m)) in the microcirculation. The purposes of the present study were to estimate the time course of Q(cap) from the kinetics of the primary component of pulmonary O(2)(More)
Utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in clinical exercise testing to detect microvascular abnormalities requires characterization of the responses in healthy individuals and theoretical foundation for data interpretation. We examined the profile of the deoxygenated hemoglobin signal from NIRS {deoxygenated hemoglobin + myoglobin [deoxy-(Hb+Mb)](More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of assuming constant reduced scattering coefficient (mu'(s)) on the muscle oxygenation response to incremental exercise and its recovery kinetics. Fifteen subjects (age: 24 +/- 5 yr) underwent incremental cycling exercise. Frequency domain near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to estimate deoxyhemoglobin(More)
RATIONALE Normoxic heliox (mixture of 79% He and 21% O(2)) may enhance exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It remains to be determined whether part of these beneficial effects could be ascribed to increased O(2) delivery (O(2)DEL) to locomotor muscles. OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of heliox on(More)
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have slowed pulmonary O(2) uptake (Vo(2)(p)) kinetics during exercise, which may stem from inadequate muscle O(2) delivery. However, it is currently unknown how COPD impacts the dynamic relationship between systemic and microvascular O(2) delivery to uptake during exercise. We tested the hypothesis(More)
Muscles produce oxidants, including reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS), from a variety of intracellular sources. Oxidants are detectable in muscle at low levels during rest and at higher levels during contractions. RNS depress force production but do not appear to cause fatigue of healthy muscle. In contrast, muscle-derived(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the kinetics of estimated capillary blood flow (Qcap) to those of femoral artery blood flow (QFA) and estimated muscle oxygen uptake (VO2m). Nine healthy subjects performed a series of transitions from rest to moderate (below estimated lactate threshold, 6 min bouts) knee extension exercise. Pulmonary oxygen uptake(More)
Alterations of skeletal muscle redox state via antioxidant supplementation have the potential to impact contractile function and vascular smooth muscle tone. The effects of antioxidants on the regulation of muscle O(2) delivery-O(2) utilization (Q(O(2)m/V(O(2)m)) matching (which sets the microvascular partial pressure of O(2); P(O(2)mv)) in young healthy(More)
A computer model was developed to provide a theoretical framework for interpreting the dynamics of muscle capillary O(2) exchange in health and disease. We examined the effects of different muscle oxygen uptake (V O(2m)) and CvO(2) profiles on muscle blood flow (Q (m)) kinetics (Q (m)=V O(2m)/[CaO(2)-CvO(2)]). Further, we simulated V O(2m) and Q (m)(More)
The Forkhead box O (FoxO) transcription factors are activated, and necessary for the muscle atrophy, in several pathophysiological conditions, including muscle disuse and cancer cachexia. However, the mechanisms that lead to FoxO activation are not well defined. Recent data from our laboratory and others indicate that the activity of FoxO is repressed under(More)