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We investigated whether the topographically organized, category-related patterns of neural response in the ventral visual pathway are a representation of sensory images or a more abstract representation of object form that is not dependent on sensory modality. We used functional MRI to measure patterns of response evoked during visual and tactile(More)
The goal of this study is to characterize the potential effect of artifacts originating from physiological noise on statistical analysis of diffusion tensor MRI (DTI) data in a population. DTI derived quantities including mean diffusivity (Trace(D)), fractional anisotropy (FA), and principal eigenvector (ε(1)) are computed in the brain of 40 healthy(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Communication with patients suffering from locked-in syndrome and other forms of paralysis is an unsolved challenge. Movement restoration for patients with chronic stroke or other brain damage also remains a therapeutic problem and available treatments do not offer significant improvements. This review considers recent research in(More)
What mechanisms underlie the flexible formation, adaptation, synchronization, and dissolution of large-scale neural assemblies from the 10(10) densely interconnected, continuously active neurons of the human brain? Nonlinear dynamics provides a unifying perspective on self-organization. It shows that the emergence of patterns in open, nonequilibrium systems(More)
BACKGROUND Recovery of function following stroke plateaus in about 1 year, typically leaving upper arm function better than that in the hand. Since there is competition among body parts for territory in the sensorimotor cortex, even limited activity of the upper arm might prevent the hand from gaining more control, particularly when the territory is reduced(More)
The discovery of event-related desynchronization (ERD) and event-related synchronization (ERS) by Pfurtscheller paved the way for the development of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). BCIs allow control of computers or external devices with the regulation of brain activity only. Two different research traditions produced two different types of BCIs: invasive(More)
Visual and somatosensory activation studies were performed on normal subjects to compare the spatial discrimination and reproducibility between functional MRI (fMRI) methods based on blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) and perfusion contrast. To allow simultaneous measurement of BOLD and perfusion contrast, a dedicated MRI acquisition technique was(More)
The spinal cord is able to express use-dependent plasticity, as demonstrated in spinalized cats following treadmill training. In humans, spinal use-dependent plasticity is inferred from modifications in the size of H reflex, which are often more prominent after skilled motor training. Plasticity can develop at synaptic connections between afferent fibres(More)