Leonardo Ciocca

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We developed a model to test new bone constructs to replace spare skeletal segments originating from new generation scaffolds for bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Using computed tomography (CT) data, scaffolds were defined using computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) for rapid prototyping by three-dimensional (3D) printing.(More)
This study describes a protocol for the direct manufacturing of a customized titanium mesh using CAD-CAM procedures and rapid prototyping to augment maxillary bone and minimize surgery when severe atrophy or post-oncological deformities are present. Titanium mesh and particulate autogenous plus bovine demineralised bone were planned for patient(More)
This paper describes a new protocol for mandibular reconstruction. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology was used to manufacture custom-made cutting guides for tumor ablation and reconstructive plates to support fibula free flaps. CT scan data from a patient with an odontogenic keratocyst on the left mandibular ramus were(More)
PURPOSE This study evaluated the efficacy of a regenerative approach using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and CAD-CAM customized pure and porous hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds to replace the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) condyle. METHODS Pure HA scaffolds with a 70% total porosity volume were prototyped using CAD-CAM technology to replace the two(More)
Free fibula flap is routinely used for mandibular reconstructions. For contouring the flap, multiple osteotomies should be shaped to reproduce the native mandibular contour. The bone segments should be fixed using a reconstructive plate. This plate is usually manually bent by the surgeon during surgery. This method is efficient, but during reconstruction it(More)
A test of the accuracy in transferring the virtual data into the surgical environment was carried out. Differences between the virtually planned and the actual position during surgery of the rapid prototyped guides and the bone plates were investigated. The accuracy of the method was evaluated in terms of the precision of cuts in the mandible, the final(More)
A new protocol for making an immediate provisional eyeglasses-supported nasal prosthesis is presented that uses laser scanning, computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing procedures, and rapid prototyping techniques, reducing time and costs while increasing the quality of the final product. With this protocol, the eyeglasses were digitized, and the(More)
Conventional methods to estimate the number of dentinal tubules cannot be considered reliable and repeatable, because results depends on the operator outlining of the tubules contours. In this study, we propose a totally automated computerized analysis technique to evaluate dentinal tubules and their surface area. The comparison test of these conventional(More)
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