Leonardo Cesar de Almeida Souza

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Citrus sudden death (CSD) is a new disease that has killed approximately 1 million orange trees in Brazil. Here we report the identification of a new virus associated with the disease. RNAs isolated from CSD-affected and nonaffected trees were used to construct cDNA libraries. A set of viral sequences present exclusively in libraries of CSD-affected trees(More)
Mutagenesis by homologous recombination was evaluated in Xylella fastidiosa by using the bga gene, coding for beta-galactosidase, as a model. Integration of replicative plasmids by homologous recombination between the cloned truncated copy of bga and the endogenous gene was produced by one or two crossover events leading to beta-galactosidase mutants. A(More)
Harmless bacteria inhabiting inner plant tissues are termed endophytes. Population fluctuations in the endophytic bacterium Pantoea agglomerans associated with two species of field cultured citrus plants were monitored over a two-year period. The results demonstrated that populations of P. agglomerans fluctuated in Citrus reticulata but not C. sinensis. A(More)
Xylella fastidiosa causes citrus variegated chlorosis (CVC), a destructive disease of citrus. Xylella fastidiosa forms a biofilm inside plants and insect vectors. Biofilms are complex structures involving X. fastidiosa cells and an extracellular matrix which blocks water and nutrient transport in diseased plants. It is hypothesized that the matrix might be(More)
The major feature of Xylella fastidiosa growing in its hosts, as well as in culture media, is its cellular aggregation and biofilm formation, leading to partial obstruction of the xylem causing water stress in the plant. We report that growth, aggregation, and biofilm formation of X. fastidiosa are influenced by the medium pH. We have verified that X.(More)
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