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Citrus sudden death (CSD) is a new disease that has killed approximately 1 million orange trees in Brazil. Here we report the identification of a new virus associated with the disease. RNAs isolated from CSD-affected and nonaffected trees were used to construct cDNA libraries. A set of viral sequences present exclusively in libraries of CSD-affected trees(More)
Harmless bacteria inhabiting inner plant tissues are termed endophytes. Population fluctuations in the endophytic bacterium Pantoea agglomerans associated with two species of field cultured citrus plants were monitored over a two-year period. The results demonstrated that populations of P. agglomerans fluctuated in Citrus reticulata but not C. sinensis. A(More)
Mutagenesis by homologous recombination was evaluated in Xylella fastidiosa by using the bga gene, coding for beta-galactosidase, as a model. Integration of replicative plasmids by homologous recombination between the cloned truncated copy of bga and the endogenous gene was produced by one or two crossover events leading to beta-galactosidase mutants. A(More)
To gain a better understanding of mycobacteria-host cell interaction, the present study compared the signal transduction events triggered during the interaction of Mycobacterium leprae (the causative agent of leprosy) and of Mycobacterium bovis BCG (an attenuated strain used as a vaccine against leprosy and tuberculosis) with human monocytes. The assays(More)
Xylella fastidiosa causes citrus variegated chlorosis (CVC), a destructive disease of citrus. Xylella fastidiosa forms a biofilm inside plants and insect vectors. Biofilms are complex structures involving X. fastidiosa cells and an extracellular matrix which blocks water and nutrient transport in diseased plants. It is hypothesized that the matrix might be(More)
Polysaccharides extracted from brown marine algae represent a source of marine compounds with potential applications in medicine. Heparin-like compounds, fucoidans, have been proposed as alternatives to the anticoagulant heparin, which is prepared from mucous membrane of mammals. In this study, the activity of anticoagulant in activated partial(More)
A glucose/mannose-binding lectin was isolated from seeds of Parkia discolor (Mimosoideae) using affinity chromatography on Sephadex G-100 gel. The protein presented a unique component in SDS-PAGE corresponding to a molecular mass of 58,000 Da, which is very similar to that of a closely related lectin from Parkia platycephala. Among the simple sugars tested,(More)
Increased agriculture production associated with intense application of herbicides, pesticides, and fungicides leads to soil contamination worldwide. Nickel (Ni), due to its high mobility in soils and groundwater, constitutes one of the greatest problems in terms of environmental pollution. Metals, including Ni, in high concentrations are toxic to cells by(More)
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