Leonardo Augusto Luvison Araújo

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The dispersal of HIV-1 subtype B (HIV-1B) is a reflection of the movement of human populations in response to social, political, and geographical issues. The initial dissemination of HIV-1B outside Africa seems to have included the passive involvement of human populations from the Caribbean in spreading the virus to the United States. However, the exact(More)
Ulvan is an algal polysaccharide known for its ability to induce resistance to plant diseases such as the Glomerella leaf spot of apple caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporiodes. This study was aimed at investigating microscopically, in tests in vitro and in vivo, whether ulvan interferes in the development of pre-infective structures of C. gloeosporioides.(More)
The aim of this study was to use scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to elucidate the infection process of Pyricularia oryzae on leaf surfaces of wheat seedlings. Wheat seedlings were inoculated with a conidial suspension of P. oryzae (105 conidia/mL), and leaf samples were collected for observation via SEM. The first blast symptoms appeared 48 h after(More)
Mango wilt, caused by Ceratocystis fimbriata, is one of the most serious diseases affecting mango production worldwide. Considering the great variation in the basal level of wilt resistance among mango cultivars, this study aimed to assess changes in photosynthesis and the role played by the carbon metabolism on two mango cultivars with contrasting(More)
Mango wilt, caused by Ceratocystis fimbriata, is a disease of great economic importance in mango production. Considering that the physiological effects of this vascular disease are not fully characterized, this study aimed to investigate some alterations in mango leaves from cultivars Ubá and Tommy Atkins, respectively, resistant and moderately resistant to(More)
BACKGROUND Although most HIV-1 infections in Brazil are due to subtype B, Southern Brazil has a high prevalence of subtype C and recombinant forms, such as CRF31_BC. This study assessed the impact of viral diversity on clinical progression in a cohort of newly diagnosed HIV-positive patients. METHODS From July/2004 to December/2005, 135 HIV-infected(More)
Entry of HIV-1 into a host cell is a multi-step process, with the viral envelope gp120 and gp41 acting sequentially to mediate the viral attachment, CD4 binding, coreceptor binding, and fusion of the viral and host membranes. The emerging class of antiretroviral agents, collectively known as entry inhibitors, interfere in some of these steps. However, viral(More)
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