Leonard T. Meltzer

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Modulation of excessive glutamatergic transmission within the basal ganglia is considered as an alternative approach to reduce l-Dopa-induced dyskinesias (LIDs) in Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study receptor binding autoradiography of [3H]MPEP, a metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) selective radioligand, was used to investigate possible changes(More)
Pregabalin exhibits robust activity in preclinical assays indicative of potential antiepileptic, anxiolytic, and antihyperalgesic clinical efficacy. It binds with high affinity to the alpha(2)-delta subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels and is a substrate of the system L neutral amino acid transporter. A series of pregabalin analogues were prepared and(More)
Rats were trained to discriminate 200 or 400 μg/kg (-)nicotine from saline in a two-bar operant paradigm. Dose-response relationships for optically pure (-)- and (+)nicotine as well as antagonistic effects were examined in both groups of rats. The natural isomer (-)nicotine was approximately nine-times more potent than (+)nicotine. Mecamylamine produced(More)
Asenapine, a novel psychopharmacologic agent in the development for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, has high affinity for serotonergic, α-adrenergic, and dopaminergic receptors, suggesting potential for antipsychotic and cognitive-enhancing properties. The effects of asenapine in rat models of antipsychotic efficacy and cognition were examined and(More)
The roles of dispositional, physiological, and behavioral factors in the development of tolerance to the effects of arecoline on operant behavior were assessed. In Experiment I, rats were trained to press a lever on a variable-interval 15-s schedule for milk reinforcement. Dose-effect relationships were assessed prior to and during chronic arecoline (1.74(More)
(±)-8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), (+)-8-OH-DPAT, and (−)-8-OH-DPAT produced dose-related reversals of haloperidol-induced extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) in cebus monkeys, with all compounds producing similar almost complete reversals at 0.1 mg/kg IM. These compounds were more potent than apomorphine, which reversed(More)
Muramyl dipeptide increased sleep during the dark-phase, but not the light-phase of the rats' sleep-awake cycle. This circadian variation may be due to the inability of MDP to increase sleep over the high baseline levels of sleep that occur during the light-phase. However, MDP was pyrogenic during the light-phase, indicating it was pharmacologically,(More)
The synthesis and SAR of tolylamines with 5-HT(6) receptor antagonist activity is presented. The amine, core aromatic, peripheral aromatic, and ether linker moieties of HTS hit 1 were modulated and the effect on potency at 5-HT(6) examined. Tolylpiperidine ether 9h was found to possess desirable pharmacokinetic (PK) properties, and was also shown to enhance(More)
Adenosine A(2A) receptors (A(2A)R) have received increasing attention for the treatment of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesias in Parkinson disease. In the present study, A(2A)R messenger RNA (mRNA) and receptor-specific binding in the brain of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) monkeys were studied after treatment with L-DOPA and a selective(More)
L-Dopa therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD) is counfounded by the development of involuntary movements such as L-Dopa-induced dyskinesias (LIDs). In this study GABA(A) receptor autoradiography was assessed using [(3)H]flunitrazepam binding to the benzodiazepine site of the GABA(A) receptor and [(35)S]t-butylbicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS) binding to the(More)