Leonard T. Kurland

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The incidence of epilepsy and of all unprovoked seizures was determined for residents of Rochester, Minnesota U.S.A. from 1935 through 1984. Age-adjusted incidence of epilepsy was 44 per 100,000 person-years. Incidence in males was significantly higher than in females and was high in the first year of life but highest in persons aged > or = 75 years. Sixty(More)
Lewy body-like hyaline inclusions in the soma and swollen, cord-like cell processes are characteristic alterations of the anterior horn cells in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with posterior column and spinocerebellar tract involvement. A fine structural analysis of these two structures has been performed in two brothers from a family ("C"(More)
OBJECTIVE The outcome of patients with mild cognitive impairment is not known, yet these patients present a difficult dilemma for the clinician. This study was designed to characterize the outcome of a group of patients with mild cognitive impairment and to determine whether the presence of the epsilon 4 allele on the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) is a(More)
OBJECTIVE This review was undertaken to summarize the significant progress that has been made in the epidemiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), the changing nosology, and the diagnostic criteria and therapeutic strategy. DESIGN We reviewed the pertinent literature on IIH published in major English-language journals for the last 20 years.(More)
A cohort of 2747 patients with head injuries was followed for 28,176 person-years to determine the magnitude and duration of the risk of posttraumatic seizures. Injuries were classified as severe (brain contusion, intracerebral or intracranial hematoma, or 24 hours of eight unconsciousness of amnesia), moderate (skull fracture or 30 minutes to 24 hours of(More)
The epidemiology of herpes zoster and its sequelae have been investigated in a community-based study. The incidence rates observed in Rochester, Minnesota, are lower than those determined in practice-based series; and this may reflect some selectivity in practice-based series compared to population-based studies. No significant sex difference or seasonal(More)
The epidemiology of generalized and focal dystonias was investigated in the Rochester, Minnesota, population over the period 1950-1982. The crude incidence of generalized dystonia was 2 per million persons per year, and for all focal dystonias combined, 24 per million per year. The crude prevalence rate was 34 per million persons for generalized dystonia(More)
The prevalence of epilepsy in Rochester, Minnesota has been determined for a specific date in each of 5 decennial census years. Individuals with a diagnosis of epilepsy (recurrent unprovoked seizures) who were known to have experienced a seizure or who had received antiepileptic medication in the preceding 5 years were considered active prevalence cases. By(More)
Using the centralized diagnostic data resource for the population of Rochester, Minnesota, we determined the prevalence of medically diagnosed dementia for this community. There were 289 individuals with dementia who were residing in Rochester on January 1, 1975: 208 women and 81 men. The overall age- and sex-adjusted rates per 100,000 population were 342(More)