Leonard Spero

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The DNA encoding the exfoliative toxin A gene (eta) of Staphylococcus aureus was cloned into bacteriophage lambda gt11 and subsequently into plasmid pLI50 on a 1,391-base-pair DNA fragment of the chromosome. Exfoliative toxin A is expressed in the Escherichia coli genetic background, is similar in length to the toxin purified from culture medium, and is(More)
The purposes of this study were 1) to carefully define the anatomic distribution of the infrapatellar branches of the saphenous nerve, 2) to provide the surgeon with reliable parameters for where the nerve is most commonly encountered, and 3) to provide specific surgical recommendations to minimize the risk of nerve injury. To accomplish these goals, we(More)
Exfoliative toxin was isolated from strain DI of Staphylococcus aureus using carboxymethyl cellulose and hydroxylapatite chromatography. This purified toxin was compared with that produced by strain TA. The specific biological activity of the two toxins was the same, but they were serologically distinct. These strains have different loci (plasmid or(More)
We describe an inexpensive, simple, and effective technique for the closed treatment of mallet fingers. This technique splints the mallet finger in 0 degrees of extension. It is simple, readily reproducible, and easy to use, requiring materials that are readily available to any physician. Thirty-seven patients, ages 21 to 65 years, presented with a closed(More)
Strong cross-reactions were demonstrated for staphylococcal enterotoxins B (SEB) and C1 (SEC1) by antigen-binding capacity and by competitive binding ability. Both SEB and SEC1 combined completely with the heterologous antibody although requiring four times as much antiserum as the homologous enterotoxin and both displaced about one-third of the other(More)
This report presents the complete amino acid sequence of staphylococcal enterotoxin C1. It has a total of 239 amino acids and a calculated Mr = 27,500. Reaction of the native toxin with trypsin produced five peptides, designated A through E. Their structures were determined after further fragmentation with cyanogen bromide, trypsin, and chymotrypsin.(More)
1. A method is described for measuring continuously the efflux of potassium or rubidium from smooth muscle of the guinea-pig.2. Muscarinic drugs cause at maximum a 100-fold increase in the efflux rate, due to a direct increase in permeability and only to a minor extent secondary to depolarization. With acetylcholine the dose response curve for producing(More)