Leonard Jack

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This report presents the results of a systematic review of the effectiveness and economic efficiency of disease management and case management for people with diabetes and forms the basis for recommendations by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services on the use of these two interventions. Evidence supports the effectiveness of disease management on(More)
This report presents the results of a systematic review of the effectiveness and economic efficiency of self-management education interventions for people with diabetes and forms the basis for recommendations by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. Data on glycemic control provide sufficient evidence that self-management education is effective(More)
BACKGROUND The contributions of community health workers (CHWs) in the delivery of culturally relevant programs for hypertension control have been studied since the 1970s. This systematic review examines the effectiveness of CHWs in supporting the care of people with hypertension. METHODS Computerized searches were conducted of multiple bibliographic(More)
AIMS To conduct a systematic review of reports of published literature to assess which family interventions are effective in improving diabetes-related outcomes in people with diabetes and family members (blood or non-blood relatives) residing in their homes. METHODS We searched computerized bibliographic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, WOS,(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a nursing course about addiction on baccalaureate nursing students' attitudes toward addictive substances and on their personal lifestyle behaviors. The course was a three-credit, 15-week offering, focusing on: 1) learning to care for addictive clients, and 2) learning to value responsible attitudes(More)
Exploring the importance of ethical issues in the conduct of community-based participatory research (CBPR) continues to be an important topic for researchers and practitioners. This article uses the Beyond Sabor Project, a CBPR project implemented in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, as a case example to discuss ethical issues such as the importance of(More)
Heart disease, cerebrovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes ranked first, third, and sixth, respectively, among the leading causes of death and disability in the United States in 2000. Racial and ethnic communities (i.e., African Americans, Hispanic-Latino Americans, Native Americans and Alaska Natives, and Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders)(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes prevalence has reached epidemic proportions. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) has been shown to improve preventive care practices and clinical outcomes. In this study, we discuss the barriers faced during the implementation of DSME programs in medically underserved rural areas of Arkansas. CONTEXT Arkansas is a rural state,(More)
African-American men bear a greater burden of type-2 diabetes and its associated complications. The purpose of this analysis was to explore in greater depth themes that emerged in illness narratives of a small sample of African-American men living with type-2 diabetes. The primary theme that is the focus of this article is the lived experience of black(More)
Prevention Identifies Opportunities and Challenges for Diabetes Prevention and Control The number of persons with diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, has increased dramatically worldwide (1, 2) and is expected to grow substantially over the next several decades (3). This increased burden places more responsibility on patients, health care professionals,(More)