"Prior research developed a cellular automaton model, that was calibrated by using historical digital maps of urban areas and can be used to predict the future extent of an urban area. The model has now been applied to two rapidly growing, but remarkably different urban areas: the San Francisco Bay region in California and the Washington/Baltimore corridor… (More)
1998. Loose-coupling a cellular automaton model and GIS: long-term urban growth prediction for San Francisco and Washington/Baltimore. ———. 1985. Cellular worlds: a framework for modelling micro-macro dynamics. Environment and Planning A 17: 585-96. ———. 1997. From cellular automata to urban models: new principles for model development and implementation.