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Procedures are described for lesioning two components of the hippocampal formation (hippocampus, subiculum) using multiple injections of small amounts of ibotenic acid (IBO). The resulting loss of cells is more selective and limited than can be obtained with conventional techniques. Thus, problems associated with damage to adjacent areas, fibers-of-passage,(More)
Theoretical, behavioral, and electrophysiologic evidence suggests that the hippocampal formation may play a role in path integration, a form of spatial navigation in which an animal can return to a starting point by integrating self-movement cues generated on its outward journey. The present study examined whether the hippocampus (Ammon's horn and the(More)
An overview of lesion experiments concerned with the involvement of the hippocampus in learning and memory in the rat is presented. Multiple injections of small amounts of ibotenic acid were used to selectively remove the hippocampus (dentate gyrus, hilar cells, CA1-CA3 pyramidal cells). Similar selective, axon-sparing ibotenate lesions of hippocampus were(More)
Damage to either the fimbria-fornix or to the hippocampus can produce a deficit in spatial behavior and change in locomotor activity but the extent to which the two kinds of damage are comparable is not known. Here we contrasted the effects of cathodal sections of the fimbria-fornix with ibotenic acid lesions of the cells of the hippocampus (Ammon's horn(More)
Experiment 1 investigated the effects of catecholaminergic deafferentation or cell body lesions of the amygdala on fear conditioning to explicit and contextual cues. Bilateral infusions of quinolinic acid mainly damaged neurons within the basolateral region of the amygdala. 6-Hydroxydopamine infusions at the same coordinates resulted in an 86% depletion of(More)
The behavioral effects of interrupting the axons that pass in the fimbria and dorsal fornix were compared with the effects of selective removal of the cells that comprise the hippocampus with ibotenic acid. Starting 4.5 months after surgery, lesioned and control rats were (i) trained in both the Morris water maze and the eight-arm radial maze using(More)
The effects of ibotenate lesions of the hippocampus (HIPP) or hippocampus plus collateral damage to extrahippocampal structures (HCX) were investigated in rats trained to criterion on spatial versions of either a delayed-match (DMS) or delayed-nonmatch-to-sample (DNMS) task. After recovery from surgery, animals were retrained at "0" sec delays, then(More)
Rats were given injections of ibotenic acid that made lesions of neurons throughout the hippocampus (CHC), or restricted to area CA3 (CA3), or to the subiculum (SUB), and were trained to lever press on a differential reinforcement of low rates (DRL) schedule. Their performance efficiency was compared with that of sham-operated (SO) rats in three(More)
Much of the evidence used to implicate the hippocampus in learning and memory has been obtained from clinical cases and/or experimental studies with animals where the damage is extensive and includes more than just the hippocampus. When the damage is limited to the cells that comprise the hippocampus (CA1-CA3 pyramidal cells, hilar and granule cells in the(More)
Although there is a good deal of evidence that animals require the hippocampus for learning place responses, animals with damage to the afferent and efferent fibers coursing through the fimbria-fornix have been shown to acquire a place response. This finding suggests either that the cells of the hippocampus proper (CA1-4 and dentate gyrus), via their(More)