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Hair loss (alopecia) occurs as a manifestation of numerous systemic diseases, but usually can be categorized into one of five general groups: telogen effluvium, anagen arrest, follicular destruction, hair miniaturization, and hair shaft defects. An excess of hair also can be evidence of internal disease, and there are two general categories of increased(More)
BACKGROUND The history, physical examination, and histologic findings in 10 black women with a common, distinctive form of scarring alopecia (formerly called hot comb alopecia) were retrospectively studied. A detailed history of hair care habits was obtained, and scalp biopsy specimens were examined after both vertical and transverse sectioning. (More)
Alopecia typically is divided into cicatricial (scarring) and noncicatricial (nonscarring) forms. "Scarring" alopecia implies that follicular epithelium has been replaced by connective tissue and is therefore an irreversible process. In contrast, nonscarring alopecia is potentially reversible as follicular epithelia remain intact. Classification of(More)
The mechanism causing the tiger tail phenomenon in trichothiodystrophy (alternating light and dark banding of hair shafts when examined with polarized light) has yet to be explained with certainty. However, we propose a simple and easily tested hypothesis to explain its striking aspect. Although the hair shafts we obtained from patients with(More)
Disorders of androgen excess in women are common in the practice of dermatology. The literature regarding the evaluation and treatment of women with cutaneous hyperandrogenism (acne, hirsutism, and alopecia) is vast and is contained in numerous subspecialty journals. At first glance, the basic science knowledge required to understand androgen biology(More)
BACKGROUND The evaluation of patients with cicatricial alopecia is particularly challenging, and dermatopathologists receive little training in the interpretation of scalp biopsy specimens. Accurate interpretation of specimens from patients with hair disease requires both qualitative (morphology of follicles, inflammation, fibrosis, etc.) and quantitative(More)
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN Follicular degeneration syndrome (FDS, formerly called hot comb alopecia) has only been described in black women. The clinical and histologic features of eight black men with a scarring alopecia resembling FDS were studied. OBSERVATIONS All eight men had evidence of scarring alopecia, which was most prominent on the crown of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To better define the pathogenesis of acne keloidalis (AK). DESIGN Prospective, blinded study of histologic material collected from 10 patients with clinically typical AK. SETTING Outpatient dermatology clinic of a military tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS Ten male volunteers 18 years or older with early AK lesions (1- to 4-mm firm(More)