Leona D. Samson

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Failure of cells to respond to DNA damage is a primary event associated with mutagenesis and environmental toxicity. To map the transcriptional network controlling the damage response, we measured genomewide binding locations for 30 damage-related transcription factors (TFs) after exposure of yeast to methyl-methanesulfonate (MMS). The resulting 5272(More)
Exposure to carcinogenic alkylating agents, oxidizing agents, and ionizing radiation modulates transcript levels for over one third of Saccharomyces cerevisiae's 6,200 genes. Computational analysis delineates groups of coregulated genes whose upstream regions bear known and novel regulatory sequence motifs. One group of coregulated genes contain a number of(More)
Protein kinases control cellular decision processes by phosphorylating specific substrates. Thousands of in vivo phosphorylation sites have been identified, mostly by proteome-wide mapping. However, systematically matching these sites to specific kinases is presently infeasible, due to limited specificity of consensus motifs, and the influence of contextual(More)
DNA chip technology enables simultaneous examination of how approximately 6,200 Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene transcript levels, representing the entire genome, respond to environmental change. By using chips bearing oligonucleotide arrays, we show that, after exposure to the alkylating agent methyl methanesulfonate, approximately 325 gene transcript levels(More)
Alkylating agents constitute a major class of frontline chemotherapeutic drugs that inflict cytotoxic DNA damage as their main mode of action, in addition to collateral mutagenic damage. Numerous cellular pathways, including direct DNA damage reversal, base excision repair (BER) and mismatch repair (MMR), respond to alkylation damage to defend against(More)
We have generated a genomic phenotyping database identifying hundreds of Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes important for viable cellular recovery after mutagen exposure. Systematic phenotyping of 1,615 gene deletion strains produced distinctive signatures for each of four mutagens. Integration of the phenotyping database with mutagen-induced transcriptional(More)
To facilitate collaborative research efforts between multi-investigator teams using DNA microarrays, we identified sources of error and data variability between laboratories and across microarray platforms, and methods to accommodate this variability. RNA expression data were generated in seven laboratories, which compared two standard RNA samples using 12(More)
Base excision repair (BER), as initiated by at least seven different DNA glycosylases or by enzymes that cleave DNA at abasic sites, executes the repair of a wide variety of DNA damages. Many of these damages arise spontaneously because DNA interacts with the cellular milieu, and so BER profoundly influences spontaneous mutation rates. In addition, BER(More)
Chronic inflammation increases cancer risk. While it is clear that cell signaling elicited by inflammatory cytokines promotes tumor development, the impact of DNA damage production resulting from inflammation-associated reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) on tumor development has not been directly tested. RONS induce DNA damage that can be(More)
DNA repair and checkpoint pathways protect against carcinogen-induced toxicity. Here, we describe additional, equally protective pathways discovered by interrogating 4,733 yeast proteins for their ability to diminish toxicity induced by four known carcinogens. A computational mapping strategy for global phenotypic data was developed to build a systems(More)