Leon S. Malmud

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There has been recent, renewed interest in studies of gastric emptying due in part to the introduction of new therapies for peptic ulcer diseases and attempts to better understand gastric physiology. Of the methods available for studying gastric emptying patterns, nuclear medicine techniques are optimal due to their noninvasive character, reproducibility(More)
Colonic transit scintigraphy was developed to quantitatively evaluate colonic transit. Using this technique the progression of a radiolabeled marker from cecal instillation to defecation was studied in 7 normal male volunteers. An 8-ml bolus containing 50 mu Ci of indium 111-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid was instilled into the cecum via a 2-mm tube,(More)
In this study, food distribution in the stomach and gastric antral motor activity in patients with longstanding diabetes have been evaluated. With use of a standard gastric emptying test with an acquisition protocol and a refined Fourier algorithm to analyze the data, antral contractions have been characterized and gastric motility parameters were(More)
Indium-111 labeled leukocyte imaging was compared with three-phase skeletal scintigraphy as a means of determining whether osteomyelitis was complicating diabetic osteoarthropathy. Three-phase scintigraphy demonstrated increased activity in both infected and noninfected osteopathic bone, with a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 56% for osteomyelitis.(More)
UNLABELLED We evaluated intragastric food distribution and antral motor activity in patients with functional dyspepsia. METHODS A standard gastric emptying test and dynamic imaging of the antrum were used to characterize gastric antral motility disturbances and to correlate them with total and compartmental gastric emptying in 25 dyspeptic patients. (More)
Effects of long-term (2 months) supplementation of diet with 20 g of guar gum and 10 g of wheat bran on metabolic control was studied in 12 obese, poorly controlled noninsulin-dependent diabetic patients. Addition of fiber reduced urinary excretion of glucose from 30.5 +/- 6 to 8.3 +/- 2 g/24 h, (p less than 0.025), fasting plasma glucose concentration from(More)
A variety of scintigraphic techniques has been added to the gastroenterologist's armamentarium for the evaluation of motor dysfunction of the upper gastrointestinal tract and hepatobiliary tree. These methods include: esophageal transit scintigraphy for the measurement and quantitation of aboral movement of liquids through the esophagus, and for the(More)
Radiation dosimetry was calculated for a number of orally administered radiopharmaceuticals used for study of upper gastrointestinal function. These include: Tc-99m sulfur colloid in water, in a cooked egg, and in chicken liver labeled in vivo; In-111 DTPA; Tc-99m DTPA; In-113m DTPA; Tc-99m ovalbumin in cooked egg; and In-111 colloid in chicken liver(More)
The role of cholinergic mechanisms in the control of gallbladder emptying has not been defined. In this report a scintigraphic technique using 2,6-dimethylphenylcarbamoylmethyl iminodiacetic acid labeled with technetium 99m to visualize the gallbladder and its emptying and diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid labeled with indium 111 to visualize the stomach(More)
The existence of a lag phase during the gastric emptying of solid foods is controversial. It has been hypothesised that among other early events, the stomach requires a period of time to process solid food to particles small enough to be handled as a liquid. At present no standardised curve fitting techniques exist for the characterisation and(More)