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In embryonic stem (ES) cells, bivalent chromatin domains with overlapping repressive (H3 lysine 27 tri-methylation) and activating (H3 lysine 4 tri-methylation) histone modifications mark the promoters of more than 2,000 genes. To gain insight into the structure and function of bivalent domains, we mapped key histone modifications and subunits of(More)
In a cell-free approach to regenerative therapeutics, transient application of paracrine factors in vivo could be used to alter the behavior and fate of progenitor cells to achieve sustained clinical benefits. Here we show that intramyocardial injection of synthetic modified RNA (modRNA) encoding human vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) results(More)
Development of regenerative therapeutic strategies to reverse the progression of advanced heart failure is one of the most urgent clinical needs of this century. Insights gained from clinical trials of adult stem cells, together with fundamental scientific advances in cardiac stem cell and regenerative biology, are beginning to yield potential new targets(More)
During lymphocyte development, V(D)J recombination assembles antigen receptor genes from component V, D, and J gene segments. These gene segments are flanked by a recombination signal sequence (RSS), which serves as the binding site for the recombination machinery. The murine Jbeta2.6 gene segment is a recombinationally inactive pseudogene, but examination(More)
The hallmark of hemochromatosis is the deposition of iron in multiple tissue types, most notably the skin, liver, pancreas, thyroid, and heart. Definitive diagnosis of iron deposition generally requires invasive methods, such as direct tissue biopsy. We describe a 40 year-old woman with end-stage liver disease secondary to hereditary hemochromatosis and(More)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Recent studies suggest that pericardial adipose tissue (PCAT) secretes inflammatory factors that contribute to the development of CVD. To better characterize the role of PCAT in the pathogenesis of disease, we performed a large-scale unbiased analysis of(More)
We describe here the clinical manifestations of platypnea-orthodeoxia in two patients with interatrial shunting. In both cases, the patients were asymptomatic prior to developing additional cardiopulmonary issues that apparently enhanced right-to-left intracardiac shunting. The patients were both treated with percutaneously deployed occlusion devices, with(More)
Balloon catheter-based techniques that apply mechanical force to blood vessel walls have dramatically advanced the standard of care for patients with vascular disease. But balloons are limited in their therapeutic potential because they rely on mechanics alone and lack electronically active materials. Recent advances in balloon catheters with integrated(More)
We present novel mechanics, materials and integration strategies for this new class of bioelectronics onboard minimally invasive catheter based systems. Representative examples highlight the clinical significance soft biointegrated electronics. ABSTRACT | Established classes of high-performance electronics have driven advances in interventional biomedicine.(More)
Two recent papers outline improvements in gene editing technology that may facilitate the analysis of signaling networks important for development. The systems developed by both Thyagarajan and coworkers (Thyagarajan et al., 2007) in Nature Biotechnology, and Lombardo and colleagues (Lombardo et al., 2007) in Stem Cells, have the potential to advance our(More)
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