Leon M. G. Moons

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BACKGROUND Although colonoscopy is the accepted standard for detection of colorectal adenomas and cancers, many adenomas and some cancers are missed. To avoid interval colorectal cancer, the adenoma miss rate of colonoscopy needs to be reduced by improvement of colonoscopy technique and imaging capability. We aimed to compare the adenoma miss rates of(More)
Barrett's oesophagus (BO) is thought to be an intermediate step in the progression from reflux oesophagitis (RO) to oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Premalignant conditions that develop in the presence of chronic inflammation are often associated with the development of a more pronounced humoral immune response during progression of the disease. The aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND In Barrett's oesophagus (BO), squamous epithelium is replaced by specialised intestinal epithelium (SIE). Transcription factors associated with intestinal differentiation, such as CDX2, may be involved in BO development. AIM To investigate CDX2 expression in BO, squamous epithelium, and oesophageal adenocarcinoma (ADC). METHODS CDX2(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Local recurrence has been observed after endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of nonpedunculated colorectal lesions. The indications for follow-up colonoscopy and the optimal time interval are currently unclear. The aims of this systematic review were to assess the frequency of local recurrence after EMR, to identify risk factors for(More)
BACKGROUND Neoplastic progression of BE towards EAC is associated with increased expression of COX-2. Increased COX-2 expression and enzyme activity is linked to the COX-2 CA haplotype, which consists of two gene polymorphisms in the COX-2 promoter. AIM To study the impact of COX-2 haplotypes on the risk of developing EAC in patients with different forms(More)
Chronic gastrointestinal ischaemia (CGI) is generally considered to be a rare disease entity. The majority of patients with CGI are only diagnosed after a long period of slowly progressive abdominal symptoms, in some cases with impressive weight loss. These patients may have a broad range of clinical signs and quite often undergo repeated extensive(More)
Background and aims In multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is used for identification and follow-up of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs). The role of EUS in surveillance of small ( < 20 mm) PNETs is unclear, mostly because the natural course of these lesions is largely unknown. We aimed to determine annual growth(More)
Up to a quarter of polyps and adenomas are missed during colonoscopy due to poor visualization behind folds and the inner curves of flexures, and the presence of flat lesions that are difficult to detect. These numbers may however be conservative because they mainly come from back-to-back studies performed with standard colonoscopes, which are unable to(More)
OBJECTIVE It is difficult to predict the presence of histological risk factors for lymph node metastasis (LNM) before endoscopic treatment of T1 colorectal cancer (CRC). Therefore, endoscopic therapy is propagated to obtain adequate histological staging. We examined whether secondary surgery following endoscopic resection of high-risk T1 CRC does not have a(More)
INTRODUCTION Severity of mucosal inflammation is shown to be associated with Barrett's esophagus (BE) development in animals. It has therefore been postulated that a strong pro-inflammatory host response predisposes to BE. AIM To determine the impact of cytokine gene polymorphisms on the development of BE. METHODS The multiplex SNaPshot method was used(More)