Leon M. G. Moons

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Reflux esophagitis (RO) and Barrett's esophagus (BO) can cause esophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). The esophageal mucosa in the RO-BO-OAC cascade is chronically exposed to gastro-esophageal reflux. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) has an important role in the protection and repair of mucosal damage, and non-physiologic levels are associated with gastrointestinal(More)
BACKGROUND Although colonoscopy is the accepted standard for detection of colorectal adenomas and cancers, many adenomas and some cancers are missed. To avoid interval colorectal cancer, the adenoma miss rate of colonoscopy needs to be reduced by improvement of colonoscopy technique and imaging capability. We aimed to compare the adenoma miss rates of(More)
INTRODUCTION Severity of mucosal inflammation is shown to be associated with Barrett's esophagus (BE) development in animals. It has therefore been postulated that a strong pro-inflammatory host response predisposes to BE. AIM To determine the impact of cytokine gene polymorphisms on the development of BE. METHODS The multiplex SNaPshot method was used(More)
Up to a quarter of polyps and adenomas are missed during colonoscopy due to poor visualization behind folds and the inner curves of flexures, and the presence of flat lesions that are difficult to detect. These numbers may however be conservative because they mainly come from back-to-back studies performed with standard colonoscopes, which are unable to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The diagnosis of chronic gastrointestinal ischemia (CGI) remains a clinical challenge. We aimed to assess the diagnostic value of clinical features, visualization of the gastrointestinal arteries, and evaluation of mucosal perfusion in patients clinically suspected of CGI. METHODS A total of 186 patients referred for suspicion of CGI(More)
OBJECTIVE Esophageal cancer development is a sequence that starts with reflux esophagitis (RE), followed by Barrett's esophagitis (BE), dysplasia, and finally esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a potent anti-neoplastic agent, hence DNA polymorphisms that reduce TNF levels potentially enhance the development of BE and EAC. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Local recurrence has been observed after endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of nonpedunculated colorectal lesions. The indications for follow-up colonoscopy and the optimal time interval are currently unclear. The aims of this systematic review were to assess the frequency of local recurrence after EMR, to identify risk factors for(More)
Barrett's oesophagus (BO) is thought to be an intermediate step in the progression from reflux oesophagitis (RO) to oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Premalignant conditions that develop in the presence of chronic inflammation are often associated with the development of a more pronounced humoral immune response during progression of the disease. The aim of this(More)
Chronic gastrointestinal ischaemia (CGI) is generally considered to be a rare disease entity. The majority of patients with CGI are only diagnosed after a long period of slowly progressive abdominal symptoms, in some cases with impressive weight loss. These patients may have a broad range of clinical signs and quite often undergo repeated extensive(More)
BACKGROUND The continuous exposure of esophageal epithelium to refluxate may induce ectopic expression of bile-responsive genes and contribute to the development of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and esophageal adenocarcinoma. In normal physiology of the gut and liver, the nuclear receptor Pregnane × Receptor (PXR) is an important factor in the detoxification of(More)