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PURPOSE To compare the gene expression pattern of control postmortem retinas with retinas from patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), to determine the expression of the heparin binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) by glial cells in fibroproliferative membranes, and to examine whether cells of the human Müller cell line,(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop an in vivo rabbit model of retinal pigment epithelial wound healing that preserves the overlying retina. METHODS Hydraulic débridement of the retinal pigment epithelium was performed in one eye of 35 pigmented rabbits by means of a pars plana vitrectomy approach. Five of the 35 eyes were examined by stereoscopic color fundus(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) has been suggested to mediate activation of Müller glial cells in the ischemic–hypoxic retina. However, the intracellular pathways activated by bFGF in human Müller cells have been little explored. We characterized the signaling transduction pathways which are involved in the control and growth factor-evoked(More)
OBJECTIVE In the rejection of transplanted retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells, an activation of allografts is probably the pivotal point for long-term success. The detailed immunological interactions involved in the rejection after RPE transplantation are still unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the interactions of pro-inflammatory cytokines(More)
This study investigates the ability of iris epithelial cells (IPE) to ingest rod outer segments (ROS) and compares the amount of phagocytosis of porcine RPE and IPE cells by the use of a pH sensitive fluorescent dye (carboxy SNAFL) at the light microscopic level. The dye allowed investigation of ingestion separately from binding of rod outer segments. In a(More)
PURPOSE The proteolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is involved in pathologic angiogenesis in the eye. However, it is unknown whether MMPs may stimulate the production of the major angiogenic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The authors investigated whether MMP-2 and MMP-9 alter the expression of VEGF by retinal pigment(More)
PURPOSE High intake of dietary salt increases extracellular osmolarity, which results in hypertension, a risk factor of neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Neovascular retinal diseases are associated with edema. Various factors and channels, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and aquaporins (AQPs), influence neovascularization and(More)
We examined whether PDGF may directly stimulate the expression of VEGF by retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in vitro, and the involvement of three signal transduction pathways in the regulation of PDGF-evoked cell proliferation, migration, and production of VEGF-A was investigated. PDGF stimulated the gene and protein expression of VEGF-A by RPE cells,(More)
PURPOSE To determine the expression of blood coagulation factors and thrombin receptors in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and whether the effects of thrombin on the chemotaxis and the secretion of VEGF are mediated by transactivation of growth factor receptors. METHODS Gene expression in acutely isolated and cultured human RPE cells was evaluated(More)
Retinal glial (Müller) cells release ATP upon osmotic stress or activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors. ATP inhibits the osmotic Müller cell swelling by activation of P2Y1 receptors. In the present study, we determined the molecular pathways of the ATP release from Müller cells in slices of the rat retina. Administration of the ATP/ADPase apyrase(More)