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  • Leon Kośmider, Andrzej Sobczak, +4 authors Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz
  • Medicine, Chemistry
  • Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of…
  • 2014 (First Publication: 1 October 2014)
  • INTRODUCTION Glycerin (VG) and propylene glycol (PG) are the most common nicotine solvents used in e-cigarettes (ECs). It has been shown that at high temperatures both VG and PG undergo decompositionContinue Reading
  • Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz, Ribhav Gupta, +5 authors Andrzej Sobczak
  • Medicine
  • The International journal on drug policy
  • 2015 (First Publication: 1 June 2015)
  • BACKGROUND Electronic cigarettes vaporize nicotine dissolved in glycerine and/or propylene glycol (e-liquid). Due to a lack of regulations, e-liquids may contain inaccurately labelled nicotineContinue Reading
  • Leon Kośmider, Catherine Kimber, Jolanta Kurek, Olivia Corcoran, Lynne Dawkins
  • Medicine, Chemistry
  • Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of…
  • 2018 (First Publication: 9 July 2018)
  • Introduction Article 20 of the European Tobacco Products Directive (EU-TPD) specifies that e-liquids should not contain nicotine in excess of 20 mg/mL, thus many vapers may be compelled to switch toContinue Reading
  • Leon Kośmider, Tory R. Spindle, Michal Gawron, Andrzej Sobczak, Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz
  • Medicine, Chemistry
  • Food and chemical toxicology : an international…
  • 2018 (First Publication: 20 March 2018)
  • INTRODUCTION The power output of e-cigarettes varies considerably, as does the composition of liquids used with these products. Most e-cigarette liquids contain two primary solvents: propylene glycolContinue Reading
  • Marcin Woźniak, Dawid Połap, Giacomo Capizzi, Grazia Lo Sciuto, Leon Kośmider, Katarzyna Frankiewicz
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Comput. Methods Programs Biomed.
  • 2018 (First Publication: 1 July 2018)
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In medical examinations doctors use various techniques in order to provide to the patients an accurate analysis of their actual state of health. One of the commonly usedContinue Reading
  • Lynne Dawkins, Sharon Cox, +4 authors Leon Kośmider
  • Medicine
  • Addiction
  • 2018 (First Publication: 7 June 2018)
  • Abstract Aims To compare the effects of (i) high versus low nicotine concentration e‐liquid, (ii) fixed versus adjustable power and (iii) the interaction between the two on: (a) vaping behaviour, (b)Continue Reading