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Using 6 longitudinal data sets, the authors estimate links between three key elements of school readiness--school-entry academic, attention, and socioemotional skills--and later school reading and math achievement. In an effort to isolate the effects of these school-entry skills, the authors ensured that most of their regression models control for(More)
This paper makes use of the substantial information about the psychological and behavioural development of children by age ten in the 1970 Cohort to predict later, economic outcomes, namely qualifications, employment and earnings. It is found that this previously unobserved individual heterogeneity has very substantial implications for the labour market.(More)
  • Robert Cassen, Geeta Kingdon, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Becky Allen, Simon Burgess, Alejandra Castrodad-Rodriguez +36 others
  • 2007
This report examines the factors underlying low achievement in British education. It is important to fi nd out why tens of thousands of young people leave school with no or very few qualifi cations. Low achievement at age 16 is associated with disadvantage and also a variety of outcomes by gender and ethnic group. Existing policies and practices within the(More)
This paper considers mobility in and explanation of the position of children in the distribution of ability at different ages. Using the sub-samples of the BCS Cohort, it is found that 42 month ability rank provides a fairly stable guide to position in the distribution at age ten and that for girls, even the 22 month score is fairly stable. The paper then(More)
This study examined the extent to which continuities and discontinuities in cognitive performance between ages 5 and 10 predicted adult income, educational success, household worklessness, criminality, teen parenthood, smoking, and depression. Assessed were the degree of this change during middle childhood, the influence of socioeconomic status (SES) on(More)
OBJECTIVE Evidence shows education positively impacts cognitive ability. However, researchers have given little attention to the potential impact of adult education on cognitive ability, still malleable in midlife. The primary study aim was to examine whether there were continuing effects of education over the life course on midlife cognitive ability. (More)
In this report, information from the latest sweeps of the UK national cohorts is used to estimate the magnitude of the effects of learning on depression and obesity. The estimated effects of education have then been linked to studies of the social costs of ill health, in order to make progress in the task of evaluating the health benefits of learning.(More)
This paper considers the effect of how children pass time before entrance to school on attainment in primary school. We find in NCDS data that children perform marginally better at seven and eleven if they spent time with their mother, or at a preschool , rather than in informal care. This holds when one controls for parental education, social class, and(More)