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Using 6 longitudinal data sets, the authors estimate links between three key elements of school readiness--school-entry academic, attention, and socioemotional skills--and later school reading and math achievement. In an effort to isolate the effects of these school-entry skills, the authors ensured that most of their regression models control for(More)
This paper makes use of the substantial information about the psychological and behavioural development of children by age ten in the 1970 Cohort to predict later, economic outcomes, namely qualifications, employment and earnings. It is found that this previously unobserved individual heterogeneity has very substantial implications for the labour market.(More)
The intergenerational transmission of educational success is a key driver of the persistence of social class differences and a barrier to equality of opportunity. This report provides a review of the role of parental education in this process. We examine theory and evidence on the key factors that impact on children's attainment and assess the ways in which(More)
Contents Foreword 3 Executive summary 4 Chapter 1: Introduction 7 Chapter 2: Methods of analysis 8 Chapter 3: The estimated costs of perinatal mental health problems 11 Chapter 4: Uses and implications of the cost estimates 22 Chapter 5: Current service provision for perinatal mental health problems 27 Chapter 6: The cost of a good service: illustrative(More)
In this report, information from the latest sweeps of the UK national cohorts is used to estimate the magnitude of the effects of learning on depression and obesity. The estimated effects of education have then been linked to studies of the social costs of ill health, in order to make progress in the task of evaluating the health benefits of learning.(More)
This paper studies attainment in secondary schools. We estimate an education production function in which attainment depends upon parental inputs, peer group inputs and schooling inputs. We find that the most powerful parental input is parental interest in children, as assessed by teachers. We find a strong peer group effect. The school pupil-teacher ratio(More)
OBJECTIVES To empirically test the impact of dietary intake at several time points in childhood on children's school attainment and to investigate whether any differences in school attainment between children who ate packed lunches or school meals was due to who these children were, their pre-school dietary patterns, or to what they ate at school. DESIGN(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. Research disseminated by IZA may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between(More)
Zoonoses, diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans, can pose serious health risks to immunocompromised people. Although pets can carry zoonoses, owning and caring for animals can benefit human health. Information exists about preventing transmission of zoonoses, but not all physicians and veterinarians provide adequate and accurate(More)