Leon Chang

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A better understanding of the cortical processes underlying attentional modulation of visceral and somatic pain in health are essential for interpretation of future imaging studies of hypervigilance towards bodily sensations which is considered to be an aetiologically important factor in the heightened pain reported by patients with irritable bowel syndrome(More)
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging and an experimental paradigm of instructed fear, we observed a striking pattern of decreased activity in primary motor cortex with increased activity in dorsal basal ganglia during anticipation of aversive electrodermal stimulation in 42 healthy participants. We interpret this pattern of activity in motor(More)
Cytokine growth factors of the interleukin (IL)-6 family have recently been shown to play an important role in central nervous system (CNS) development, repair, and inflammation. These cytokines, which interact via specific membrane receptors, share a signal-transducing receptor subunit, glycoprotein 130 (gp130). Gp130 is expressed by motoneurons in the(More)
UNLABELLED Abnormal spontaneous firing is well described in axotomized sensory neurons and likely contributes to nerve injury-induced pain. The hyperpolarization-activated current I(h) initiates spontaneous, rhythmic depolarization in the sinoatrial node and central neurons. This study was undertaken to investigate the possible contribution of I(h) to(More)
Because of the similarity in the pattern of limbic sites damaged by both compounds, it has been suggested that trimethyltin (TMT) may be an excitotoxin like kainic acid (KA). KA produces seizures which eventually result in neuronal damage similar to that found in epilepsy. Anticonvulsants reduce both the seizures and pathology associated with KA. Because(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-modulated (HCN) channels contribute to rhythmic spontaneous activity in the heart and CNS. Ectopic spontaneous neuronal activity has been implicated in the development and maintenance of acute and chronic hyperalgesia, allodynia and spontaneous pain. Previously, we documented that systemic administration of(More)
OBJECTIVE Stereotactic laser ablation (SLA) is typically performed in the setting of intraoperative MRI or in a staged manner in which probe insertion is performed in the operating room and thermal ablation takes place in an MRI suite. METHODS The authors describe their experience, in which SLA for glioblastoma (GBM) treatment was performed entirely within(More)
OBJECTIVE Therapeutic options for brain metastases (BMs) that recur after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) remain limited. METHODS The authors provide the collective experience of 4 institutions where treatment of BMs that recurred after SRS was performed with stereotactic laser ablation (SLA). RESULTS Twenty-six BMs (in 23 patients) that recurred after SRS(More)
a. Be able to facilitate operating room management including allocation of anesthesia and surgical resources. b. Demonstrate the ability for urgent/emergent pre-operative patient preparation, optimization and scheduling. c. Be able to evaluate and implement priorities in patient care. d. Demonstrate basic understanding of cost containment measures. II.(More)
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