Learn More
Several morphological changes of synapses have been reported to be associated with the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) in the CA1 hippocampus, including an transient increase in the proportion of synapses with perforated postsynaptic densities (PSDs) and a later occurrence of multiple spine boutons (MSBs) in which the two spines arise from the(More)
Objective. Can quantitative electroencephalography (EEG) predict the conversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD)? Methods. Sixty-nine subjects fulfilling criteria for MCI were enrolled; cortical connectivity (spectral coherence) and (low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography) sources of EEG rhythms (delta=2-4 Hz;(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes is the most important cause of peripheral neuropathy (DPN). No definitive treatment for DPN has been established, and very few data on the role of exercise training on DPN have been reported. AIM OF THE STUDY We sought to examine the effects of long-term exercise training on the development of DPN in both Types 1 and 2 diabetic(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNICs) on the temporal summation of the nociceptive flexion reflex (RIII reflex) in humans. Recordings were obtained from 36 healthy adults (16 M, 20 F), and the area and temporal summation threshold (TST) of the RIII reflex were measured. The subjective intensity(More)
OBJECTIVES The object of this study was to establish a method for estimating the conduction velocity (CV) of the spinothalamic tract (STT) in relation to clinical application. METHODS The CV of the STT was estimated by an indirect method based on that reported by Kakigi and Shibasaki in 1991 (Kakigi R, Shibasaki H. Electroenceph clin Neurophysiol 80(More)
BACKGROUND Propofol is a widely used anesthetic agent for adults and children. Although extensive clinical use has demonstrated its safety, neurologic dysfunctions have been described after the use of this agent. A recent study on a model of aggregating cell cultures reported that propofol might cause irreversible lesions of gamma-aminobutyric acid-mediated(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the contribution of the low-threshold afferents to the production of the cutaneous silent period (CSP) in the upper limbs. METHODS The CSP was studied in 10 healthy adults and 4 patients with Friedreich's ataxia. The following neurophysiological aspects were studied: (a) relationship between sensory threshold (ST), sensory action(More)
The presence of episodic memory impairment is required for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's dementia by all current diagnostic criteria. The new research criteria proposed by Dubois et al. (Lancet Neurol 6:734-746, 2007) require that the impairment should not improve significantly with cueing, recognition testing nor after the control of effective encoding.(More)
Seventy-eight patients with clinical findings pointing to possible polycystic ovarian disease (POD) were studied by ultrasound examination. The endocrine status of each patient was evaluated by assay of blood progesterone levels and gonadotropin luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone (LH-FSH), both under basal conditions and after luteinizing(More)
Piriformis syndrome (PS) is an unusual cause of sciatica that, because of the lack of strict diagnostic criteria, remains a controversial clinical entity. The diagnosis of PS is still primarily clinical because no diagnostic tests have proven to be definitive. We report the case of a 30-year-old woman, affected by a severe scoliosis, who developed a(More)