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1. The aim of this work was to study the influence of the metabolic control, estimated by the levels of glycosylated haemoglobin in total blood samples (HbA1c), in developing vascular endothelial dysfunction in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Four groups of animals with different levels of insulin treatment were established, by determining HbA1c(More)
High levels of glycosylated human hemoglobin impair nitric oxide-mediated responses. However, the percentage of glycosylation for which this effect is observed and the mechanisms involved are unknown. We tested endothelium-dependent relaxations caused by acetylcholine in rat aortic segments either in control conditions or after preincubation with increasing(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension and other vascular diseases are more prevalent in diabetic patients than in the general population. In humans and in several animal models of diabetes, a disturbance of endothelium-dependent responses has been shown. Oxyhemoglobin is one of the most known modulators of these endothelium-dependent responses. We postulate that high(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperglycemia is acknowledged as an independent risk factor for developing diabetes-associated atherosclerosis. At present, most therapeutic approaches are targeted at a tight glycemic control in diabetic patients, although this fails to prevent macrovascular complications of the disease. Indeed, it remains highly controversial whether or not the(More)
Aims/hypothesis. In a model of streptozotocin-induced Type 1 diabetes mellitus in rats of 9 weeks duration, we analysed time associations between the development of hyperglycaemia, early and intermediate glycosylation Amadori adducts, or AGE compared with enhancement of oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. Methods. Endothelial function was tested(More)
This work was designed to determine in vivo the influence of the metabolic control of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, measured by the levels of haemoglobin glycosylation in blood (HbA1c), on developing vascular endothelial dysfunction. For this, the vasoactive responses to basal and stimulated endothelial nitric oxide (NO) were studied using the(More)
Vascular endothelial dysfunction occurs during the human aging process, and it is considered as a crucial event in the development of many vasculopathies. We investigated the underlying mechanisms of this process, particularly those related with oxidative stress and inflammation, in the vasculature of subjects aged 18-91 years without cardiovascular disease(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of acute geriatric units compared with conventional care units in adults aged 65 or more admitted to hospital for acute medical disorders. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library up to 31 August 2008, and references from published literature. Review methods(More)
Diabetes mellitus leads to a high incidence of several so-called complications, sharing similar pathophysiological features in several territories. Previous reports points at early nonenzymatic glycosylation products (Amadori adducts) as mediators of diabetic vascular complications. In the present study, we analysed a possible role for Amadori adducts as(More)
Diabetic vessels undergo structural changes that are linked to a high incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate cell signalling in the vasculature, where they can promote cell growth and activate redox-regulated transcription factors, like activator protein-1 (AP-1) or nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which are involved(More)