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BACKGROUND Both animals and plants respond rapidly to pathogens by inducing the expression of defense-related genes. Whether such an inducible system of innate immunity is present in the model nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is currently an open question. Among conserved signaling pathways important for innate immunity, the Toll pathway is the best(More)
How genetic and environmental factors interact in Parkinson disease is poorly understood. We have now compared the patterns of vulnerability and rescue of Caenorhabditis elegans with genetic modifications of three different genetic factors implicated in Parkinson disease (PD). We observed that expressing alpha-synuclein, deleting parkin (K08E3.7), or(More)
Because of unavoidable wireless packet losses and inapplicability of retransmission-based schemes due to the wellknown negative acknowledgment implosion problem, providing high quality video multicast over wireless wide area networks (WWAN) remains difficult. Traditional joint source/channel coding (JSCC) schemes for video multicast target a chosen(More)
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