Leo W. M. Lau

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Quantitative chemical state X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis of mixed nickel metal, oxide, hydroxide and oxyhydroxide systems is challenging due to the complexity of the Ni 2p peak shapes resulting from multiplet splitting, shake-up and plasmon loss structures. Quantification of mixed nickel chemical states and the qualitative determination of low(More)
Although clotrimazole (CLT), an antifungal drug, inhibits tumor cell proliferation and angiogenesis, its clinical application is hampered by significant hepatotoxicity due to the presence of an imidazole moiety. In our attempts to develop CLT analogs that are devoid of imidazole and are as efficacious as CLT, one pharmacophore designated NC381 was generated(More)
Practical quantitative chemical state X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis of first row transition metals, oxides and hydroxides is challenging due to the complexity of their M 2p spectra. Complex multiplet splitting, shake-up and plasmon loss structure can play a role in the interpretation of the chemical states present. This paper will show(More)
The critical role of the Auger parameter in providing insight into both initial state and final state factors affecting measured XPS binding energies is illustrated by analysis of Ni 2p(3/2) and L(3)M(45)M(45) peaks as well as the Auger parameters of nickel alloys, halides, oxide, hydroxide and oxy-hydroxide. Analyses of the metal and alloys are consistent(More)
BACKGROUND In vivo video microscopy has been used to study blood flow regulation as a function of varying oxygen concentration in microcirculatory networks. However, previous studies have measured the collective response of stimulating large areas of the microvascular network at the tissue surface. OBJECTIVE We aimed to limit the area being stimulated by(More)
The nondestructive nature of static secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) in the context of studies of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of organic molecules has been examined by measuring the primary ion fluence dependence of secondary ion signals with two well-known SAMs, C18H37SH on Au(1 1 1) and C18H37PO3H2 on freshly cleaved mica. This SIMS analysis is(More)
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