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BACKGROUND The effects of constant-current deep brain stimulation (DBS) have not been studied in controlled trials in patients with Parkinson's disease. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of bilateral constant-current DBS of the subthalamic nucleus. METHODS This prospective, randomised, multicentre controlled trial was done between Sept 26, 2005,(More)
Previous studies of learned bird song have suggested the existence of species-universal patterns in song organization: clear clusters in produced songs that do not vary within a species. Here the authors combine a computational method of comparing songs with statistical methods of assessing cluster structure to investigate this issue in a more quantitative(More)
Fractal analysis was applied to human pallidal neuronal spike trains recorded from patients with Parkinson's disease during ablative surgery of the internal segment of the globus pallidus. Fractal dynamics was quantified by computing the scaling exponent with the average wavelet coefficient approach. We observed fractal persistent correlation in the(More)
This study aimed to determine to what extent tuberculosis trends in the Netherlands depend on secular trend, immigration and recent transmission. Data on patients in the Netherlands Tuberculosis Register in the period 1993-2007 were matched with restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. Index patients(More)
The proceedings of the 2nd Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank summarize the most contemporary clinical, electrophysiological, and computational work on DBS for the treatment of neurological and neuropsychiatric disease and represent the insights of a unique multidisciplinary ensemble of expert neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuropsychologists,(More)
Essential tremor (ET) is a movement disorder characterized by a postural or kinetic tremor of the hands, head, or voice. It is typically a familial condition and affects 1% to 4% of the general population. The trait is genetically linked to chromosome 2p in some families. A variant (828C-->G) in exon 7 of the hematopoietic-specific protein 1 binding protein(More)
Many studies have demonstrated the presence of scale invariance and long-range correlation in animal and human neuronal spike trains. The methodologies to extract the fractal or scale-invariant properties, however, do not address the issue as to the existence within the train of fine temporal structures embedded in the global fractal organisation. The(More)
Under greenhouse conditions the effective concentration of 2,4-D (amine salt) for killing water hyacinths could be decreased 10 times if 2,k4-D was applied in combination with extremely low concentrations of gibberellic acid (6 g/ha or higher). This implies that in practice the risk of harming nearby vegetation is considerably reduced, and the cost of(More)
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